2/2746 Private Alfred James Wine
New Zealand Field Artillery Brigade
New Zealand Expedition Force 1914-1919

This file last updated 3 April, 2019 16:09

Introduction

Image if available

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the World War One service record of Alfred James Wine (Jnr). Born in New Zealand, he enlisted in New Zealand Army.

His brother Howard Garrett Wine served in the New Zealand Army while their first cousin Albert Newton Wine served in the Australian Army .

Some of the service record pages may be duplicated. This generally occurs when the unit and Army records are amalgamated on discharge or death in Service.

Service numbers were allocated by the original unit, and are not unique to the individual. Where an individual is transferred into another unit, duplicating an existing number, the transferee is given an alphabetic suffix, eg 1234A. Officers did not have Army numbers, and if commissioned from the ranks, relinquished their number on commissioning.

References on the enlistment form to previous military service included service as school cadets under the Universal Service Scheme, 1911-1929.

New Zealand had a similar scheme.

Prepared for Margaret Anne Wine, 1st cousin (twice removed) of Alfred James and Howard Garrett Wine by Clive Mitchell-Taylor - 3 Apr 2019.

View Alfred Wine's Service record


Enlistment Details

Service Number

2/2746

Name

Alfred James Wine (Jnr)

Born at

Aukland, New Zealand

Apparent Age

28 Years 2 Months
[Actual age was 38 Years and 6 Months, with DOB 9 Apr 1887 and this is actually recorded on his enlistment documents]

Trade or Calling

Farrier

Are you, or have you been an apprentice? If so, with whome, and for how long?

No

Marital Status

Single

Next of Kin

Mother - Mrs Catherine Wine, 31 Wellspark Avenue Grey Lyn
Later at Mitcham Farm, Tirau, Rotarua Line, Aukland

Have you ever been convicted by the Civil Power?

No

Have you ever been sentenced to imprisonment by the Civil power? If so, when and where?

No

Do you now belong to any military or naval force? If so, to what corps?

No

Have you truly stated the whole (if any) of your previous service?

No

Have you been registered for compulsory ilitary training under the Defence Acy 1909? If so, where?

No

Have you ever been rejected as unfit for the military or nava forces of the Crown? If so, on what grounds?

No

Are you willing to be vacinated or re-vaccinated

Yes

Attested at

Trentham, NZ

Date of Enlistment

7 Nov 1916

Height

5 foot 7 inches [152.4 cm]

Weight

144 pounds [10 stone or 63.5 Kg]

Chest

33-36½ inches [82.5 cm - 90 cm]

Complexion

Dark

Eyes

Grey

Hair

Dark Brown

Religious Denomination

Church of England

Distinguishing marks

Scar upper right arm, barbed wire wound
Scar right leg from wound, big excavation of muscle, no detriment to [illegible] appeared.

Units

New Zealand Artillery Brigade


Chronological Events

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Enlisted

9 Nov 1916

Private

Assigned to 6th reinforcements to 34th Battalion

9 Nov 1916

Private

Embarked from Sydney on HMAT "BELTANA" (A78) for overseas

25 Nov 1916

To undergo training in the UK

Private

Disembarked Devonport, UK

29 Jan 1917

Private

Sick, to Fovant Hospital from Camp Details, Sutton Manderville, Lincoln
Admitted - Inflam Conn Tiss

24 Feb 1917

Private

Admitted to Tidworth Hospital, Inflam. Con. Tiss.

12 Mar 1917

Private

Discharged from Hospital to duty.
Marched in to 9th Training Battalion from Hospital

2 Apr 1917

Private

Transferrred to 63rd Bn from 34th Bn
Taken on strength of 63rd Bn from 6th reinforcements to 34th Bn

28 Apr 1917

At this time the AIF in the UK was attempting to raise the 6th Australian Division, and so, on arrival in the UK he was assigned to the 63rd Battalion. As the level of casualties in France was so overwhelming, postings to the provisional 6th Div Battalions were rescinded and the new arrivals went to their original units.

Private

Proceeded overseas to France via Southampton to reinforce the 34th Battalion

23 Aug 1917

Private

Marched in to 3ADBD Rouelles from England

24 Aug 1917

Private

Marched out from 3 ADBD Rouelles to 34th Bn

31 Aug 1917

Private

Taken on strength of 34th Bn

2 Sep 1917

Private

To Hospital, sick
Admitted to Hospital, defective hearing

17 Nov 1917

Private

Transferred to 53 CCS and admitted to Ambulance Train

19 Nov 1917

Private

Admitted to 55th General Hospital, Defective Hearing

20 Nov 1917

Private

Transferred to Base Details

25 Nov 1917

Base Details were working parties generally performing clean-up and maintenance work.

Private

Admitted, sick

25 Nov 1917

Private

Transferred to Base Details

1 Dec 1917

Private

Marched in to 3 ADBD

4 Dec 1917

Private

Remains in Base

14 Dec 1917

Private

Transferred to England for permanent Base duty ex 3 ADBD, permanently unfit.

23 Dec 1917

Private

Marched in to 2 CD, ex France

24 Dec 1916

Private

Attached to 1 ADH Bulford for duty from 34th Bn ex No 2 CD

29 Jan 1918

Private

Transferred to Australian Army Medical Corps Details ex 34th Battalion

1 Nov 1918

Private

Embarked aboard HMAT TAKADA, from England for return to Australia

18 Jul 1919

Private

Disembarked Sydney ex HMAT TAKADA

8 Sep 1919

Private

Discharged at Termination of Period of Engagement (TPE)

16 Oct 1919


Medals and Dress Embellishments

British War Medal 1914-1920 and Victory Medal.


1914-15 Star

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
1914-15 Star

The decoration consists of a four-pointed star in bright bronze as shown, with the date 1914-15 on the central scroll. The reverse is plain, and is stamped with the name and unit of the recipient. The ribbon is red, white and blue, shaded and watered, worn with the red nearest the centre of the breast. It is atached to the medal through a ring.

It is similar in shape and description to the 1914 Star, to which few, if any, Australians were entitled. Those entitled were those who had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914.

The decoration, sanctioned in 1918, was issued "to all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others eployed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined in Appendix 'A'. Individuals in possession of the 1914 Star will not be eligible for the award of this decoration."

Appendix 'A' included the Western, Eastern, Egyptian, African, Asiatic and Australasian Theatres of war, with commencement dates individual to countries and campaigns.


British War Medal 1940-20

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
British War Medal

This medal was approved by King George V in 19 19 to record the bringing of the war to a successful conclusion and the arduous services rendered by His Majesty's Forces.

The medal, which is supended from its ribbon by means of a straight clasp, without swivel, bears on the obverse the effigy of His Majesty - exactly similar to that on a half-crown - with the legend 'Georgivus V : Omn : Rex et Ind : Imp'.

The reverse bears a design which represents St George on horseback, trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers and a skull and crossbones, the emblems of death. Overhead is the risen sun of victory. The male figure, rather than a symbolical female one, was chosen because man had borne the brunt of the fighting. The figure was mounted on horseback as symbolical of man's mind controlling force (represented by the horse) of far greater strength than his own. The design is thus also symbolical of the mechanical and scientific appliances which helped so largely to win the war.

The ribbon has a orange watered centre with stripes of white and black at each side and with borders of royal blue. It is stated that the colours have no particular signification.


Victory Medal

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]

This medal, of bronze, bears on the obverse a winged figure of Victory, full length in the middle of the medal and full face; the borders and the backgound plain, without either incription or date. On the reverse is an inscription. "The Great War for Civilization." and either the names of the different Allied and Associated Powers, or their coats of arms.

The rim is plain, and the medal hangs from a ring. The ribbon is red in the centre, with green and violet on either side shaded to form the colours of two rainbows.

It has also been approved that any officer or man who has been "mentioned in despatches" shall wear a small bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal. Only one oak leaf is so worn, no matter how many "mentions" the wearer may have received.

The medal is designed to obviate the exchange of Allied Commemorative war medals, and is issued only to those who actually served on the establishment of a unit or ship in a theatre of war. [This is an important distinction, as those Australians who served only in Australia, or only in Australia and England, were not entitled to the award.]


New Zealand Expeditionary Force

A summary of the NZEF organisation is here. I have extracted the following table for the Western Front.

Concentrating on the organisation of the New Zealand Field Artillery, we can see that Gnr Wine was posted to a number of units. They include the 1st Battery and the 4th Howitzer Battery and the Ammunition Column.


Shoulder Badges


Shoulder badges [l to r] of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Brigades of the New zealand Field Artillery. Cloth patches sewn on the backs of uniform jackets from October 1916 identified which unit or sub-unit an individual belonged to.


Cap and collar badges

Cap and hat badge and collar badges of the New Zealand Artillery Corps.


Shoulder Titles

Metal epaulette badges of the New Zealand Field Artillery


Puggaree

Puggaree (hat band) worn by all New Zealand Field Artillery Units