492 Private Arthur James Taylor (WIA***)
26th Infantry Battalion, 7th Infantry Brigade, 1st Division
1st Australian Imperial Force 1914-1919

Introduction

Arthur James Taylor

Picture taken 3 Dec 1921

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the service record of . Note that some of the service record pages are duplicated - presumably when the unit and Army records were amalgamated on discharge.

Note that some of the service record pages are duplicated - presumably when the unit and Army records were amalgamated on discharge.

Service numbers were allocated by unit, and are not unique to the individual.

Clive Mitchell-Taylor - 16 JUN 2018 - grandson of Arthur Taylor

View Arthur Taylor's Service Record.


Enlistment Details

Service Number

492

Name

Arthur James Taylor

Born at

Bristol, County of Somerset, England

Age

20 years and 8 months at time of enlistment

Trade or Calling

Hairdresser

Apprenticeship

Yes, three years

Marital Status

Single

Next of Kin

Father - Mr R Taylor, Clifton, Bristol
Address later amended to 10 South Terrace, Redland, Bristol, England

Previous Military Service

Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve, 3 years, time expired

Attested at

HMT Ascaneous (A11), at sea

Date of Enlistment

23 June 1915

Height

5 foot 7 inches [170cm]

Weight

158 pounds [10 stone 4 pounds or 71.7Kg]

Chest

36 - 38 inches [91.5 - 96.5cm]

Eyes

Brown

Hair

Brown

Religious Denomination

Church of England

Units

26th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 1st Division


Chronological Events

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Enlisted

23 Jun 1915

Private

Embarked from Australia on HMT Ascaneous

29 Jun 1915

Jul 1915

2nd Division Australian Imperial Force (AIF)formed in Egypt, including 26th Battalion, 7th Infantry Brigade

Private

Embarked for Gallipoli

Aug 1915

Private

Transferred to Base Details

3 Sep 1915

Private

Chancre - admitted 1st Australian Stationary Hospital, Lemnos

8 Sep 1915

Private

Transferred from 1 Aust Stationary Hospital Lemnos to Convalescent Camp

15 Oct 1915

Private

Returned to Anzac from Lemnos, total period of ineffective service due to VD - 44 days

22 Oct 1915

Private

Withdrawn from Gallipoli

Dec 1915

Private

Disembarked Ex Mudros at Alexandria

9 Jan 1916

Private

Offence - Tel-el-Kebir
Absent Without Leave 2115 hrs 16 Jan 1916 to 2100 hrs 19 Jan 1916
Award - 168 hrs Field Punishment No 2

19 Jan 1916

Private

Offence - Moascar
Absent from Fatigue Work
Award - 48 hrs Field Punishment No 2

4 Mar 1916

Private

Proceed to join British Expeditionary Force - Alexandria

15 Mar 1916

 

Private

Disembarked ex Alexandria - to Armentieres

21 Mar 1916

Private

Offence - L'Hallobean France
Absent Without Leave from 1000 hrs 6 Apr 1916 to 2030 hrs 6 Apr 1916
Award - Admonished - Forfeiture of one day's pay

7 Apr 1916

Private

Took part in raid on enemy trenches on night 6/7 June 1916

6/7 Jun 1916

27 July 1916

2nd Division relieved 1st Division at Poziers. Pozieres captured during subsequent fighting

Private

Admitted to 44th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train

29 Jul 1916

10,843 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted to 1st Field Ambulance and transferred to 6th Motor Ambulance Corps

29 Jul 1916

Private

Wounded in action. Gunshot wound to leg. Admitted to No 1 Can(adian?) General Hospital, Etaples France

29 Jul 1916

Private

Transferred to No 6 Convalescence Depot

10 Aug 1916

Private

Admitted to 2nd Division Base Depot Etaples

12 Aug 1916

 

Private

Offence - 2nd Aust Division Base Depot, Etaples France
Out of Bounds and Refusing to Comply with Orders of Camp Police
Award - 7 days Confined to Barracks

15 Aug 1916

Private

Returned to Unit from Hospital

21 Aug 1916

Aug 1916

2nd Div to Somme

Private

Offence - France
In the Field, Neglecting to Obey and Order, France
Award - 72 hours Field Punishment No 2

valign="top"

24 Sep 1916

 

Private

Wounded in Action - France. Gunshot wound, right hand.

14 Nov 1916

2nd Div Second tour of duty on Somme. 2,952 wounded this month.

Private

Admitted to 5th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 36th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted No 3 Stationary Hospital - Rouen France

14 Nov 1916

Private

Invalided to England from Havre

18 Nov 1916

 

Private

Embarked on HS Carisbrooke Castle at Havre for England

19 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted 4th Southern General Hospital, Englandv

20 Nov 1916

 

Private

Transferred to 2nd Auxilliary Hospital, England

11 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in to Aust Convalescent Depot, Weymouth, from Southall

14 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in from furlough - Wareham Englandv

24 Jan 1917

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent Without Leave 1500 hrs 2 Feb 1917 to 1330 hrs on 3 Feb 1917
Award 7 days Confined to Barracks, forfeit 2 day's pay

6 Feb 1917

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Taken on Strength - 69th Battalion, England

23 Mar 1917

Private

Offence - Southall England
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 16 Apr 1917 to 0700 hrs 17 Apr 1917,
Absent from Parade Ordered by his CO
1400 hrs 17 Apr 1917
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 17 Apr 1917 to 2145 hrs 18 Apr 1917
Award - 48 hrs Detention, forfeiture of 6 day's pay

20 April 1917

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent without Leave
1200 hrs 19 May 1917 to 1045 hrs 22 May 1917
Award - 168 hours Detention, forfeiture of 11 days pay

23 May 1917

 

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Award - Forfeiture of one day's pay Neglecting to Obey Brigade Standing Orders (out of bounds)

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance with VD

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 16 Field Ambulance

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital (1 ADH), Bulford, England

6 Jun 1917

 

Private

Discharged from 1 ADH, Bulford England Total period of ineffective service due to VD, 43 days

18 Aug 1917

 

Private

Marched in from 1 ADH to H'cott

24 Aug 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance

4 Sep 1917

 

Private

Transferred to 26th Battalion on Marching out from 69th Draft Battalion

19 Sep 1917

 

Private

Offence - Heurdcott (?) England
Absent Without Leave, 0800 7 Oct 17 to 1400 hrs 15 Oct 1917
Travelling by Train Without a Pass,
Award - 9 Days Field Punishment No 2, In custody 1 day awaiting trial, Forfeiture of 19 days pay

16 Oct 1917

 

Private

March out to Overseas Training Brigade

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

March in from 69th Draft Battalion to Leithbridge

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent without Leave 0900 14 Jan 1918 to 2200 hrs 14 Jan 1918
Award - Admonishment, Forfeit 1 days pay

15 Jan 1918

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave 2400 hrs 10 Feb 1918 to 2130 hrs on 18 Feb 1918
Award - 24 days Field Punishment No2, Forfeiture of 32 days pay

19 Feb 1918

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave 0830 hrs 11 Mar 1918 to 2130 hrs on 14 Mar 1918
Award - 8 days Field Punishment No 2, In custody awaiting trial 2 days, Forfeiture of 15 days pay

18 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceed Overseas to France ex Leithbridge, Deverill via Southampton

20 Mar 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England - Havre

21 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to join unit - Havre

23 Mar 1918

 

Private

Taken on strength - Belgium

25 Mar 1918

15 Apr 1918

German counter-attack L'Agincourt

Private

Wounded in Action - France, Shrapnel wound, finger left hand

16 Apr 1918

4,218 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted 6th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

16 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 20th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 3rd Australian General Hospital Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

To Ambulance Train 19

22 Apr 1918

 

Private

Embarked for England on HS "Pieter de Cominck"

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted Central Military Hospital Fort Pitt, Chatham

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Transferred to 3rd Aux Hospital Darford

14 May 1918

Private

Furlough - 16 May 1918 to 30 May 1918

16 May 1918

 

Private

Offence - London Absent without Leave, 1100 hrs 30 May 1918 to 1500 hrs 30 May 1918
Award - Forfeit 1 day's pay
Sent to 4 Convalescent Depot

31 May 1918

 

Private

Sick - admitted Camp Isolation Hosp (Scabies)

30 Jun 1918

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Offence - Hurdcott, Absent Without Leave, 1000 hrs 30 Jul 1918 to 1730 hrs 3 Aug 1918
Award - Dismissed

10 Aug 1918

Private

Transferred from 4th Convalescence Depot to Overseas Training Brigade

16 Sep 1918

 

Private

Proceeded Overseas to France via Southampton

12 Oct 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England

13 Oct 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to join unit

15 Oct 1918

 

Private

Rejoined Battalion - Broodeseinde

16 Oct 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to Divisional Reserve Wing (DR Wing)for return to Australia

21 Dec 1918

 

Private

Proceed to Australian General Base Depot (AGBD) ex DR Wing for Aust

29 Dec 1918

 

Private

March in from AGBD France for Return to Australia

2 Jan 1919

 

Private

Disembarked Southampton ex France to report to Hurdcott (1915 Personnel)

3 Jan 1919

Private

Returned to Australia per HMT Kashmir

9 Apr 1919

Private

Discharged 1st Military District

2 Jul 1919


Medals awarded

1914-1915 Star
British War Medal 1914-1920
Victory Medal

Dress Embellishments

Three Wound Stripes for 29 Jul 1916, 14 Nov 1916 and 16 Apr 1918
Five Long Service Stripes
Five Overseas Service Chevrons

Rising Sun Badge - 1st and 2nd AIF

World War One medal set


L to R - 1914-15 Star, War Medal 1914-1920, Victory Medal

Unit Shoulder Patch
26th Infantry Battalion
26<sup>th</sup> Infantry Battalion Shoulder Patch

Entitled to wear
ANZAC 'A' on Shoulder Patch
ANZAC A

Background - Infantry Battalions

The 1914 infantry battalion was a large unit, composed of eight rifle companies each of 3 officers and 116 other ranks armed with Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303 rifles, a   small headquarters with 4 officers and 21 other ranks and a machine gun section with two .303 Maxim machine guns, one officer and 17 other ranks, a total of 32 officers and 991 other ranks. In December 1914, battalions were reorganised into four companies each of four platoons, but strength was unchanged. By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion.

26th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 1st Division
[Information from https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au]

The 26th Battalion was raised at Enoggera, Queensland, in April 1915 from recruits enlisted in Queensland and Tasmania, and formed part of the 7th Brigade. It left Australia in July, and, after training in Egypt, landed at Gallipoli on 12 September. At Gallipoli, the 26th played a purely defensive role and at various times was responsible for the defence of Courtney's and Steele's Posts, and Russell's Top. It withdrew from the peninsula on 12 December.

After another stint in Egypt, the 7th Brigade proceeded to France as part of the 2nd Australian Division in March 1916 In concert with the 28th Battalion, the 26th mounted the first trench raid undertaken by Australian troops on the Western Front on 6 June. The Battalion fought in its first major battle around Pozieres between 28 July and 7 August. After a short spell in Belgium, the 2nd Division came south in October to attack again in the Somme Valley. The 26th Battalion took part in two attacks to the east of Flers, both of which floundered in mud and slush.

In early 1917, the 26th Battalion joined the follow-up of the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line and attacked at Warlencourt (1-2 March) and Lagincourt (26 March). For his valorous actions at Lagincourt, Captain Percy Cherry was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. On 3 May, the Battalion was also involved in the second attempt to breach the Hindenburg Line defences around Bullecourt. Later that year the focus of the AIF's operations switched to Belgium. There, the 26th battalion fought in the battle of Menin Road on 20 September, and participated in the capture of Broodseinde Ridge on 4 October.

Like most AIF battalions, the 26th fought to turn back the German spring offensive in April 1918, and in the lull that followed mounted "peaceful penetration" operations to snatch portions of the German front line. In one such operation in Monument Wood on 14 July the 26th Battalion captured the first German tank to fall into Allied hands - No. 506 "Mephisto". In another, on 17 July, Lieutenant Albert Borrella was awarded the Victoria Cross. Later in the year the 26th participated in the great offensive that began on 8 August, its most notable engagement being an attack east of Mont St Quentin on 2 September. The Battalion's last action of the war was the capture of Lormisset, part of the operation to breach the Beaurevoir Line, on 3 October 1918. The 26th Battalion was disbanded in May 1919.

Battle Honours:

Somme 1916-18, Pozieres, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodeseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, Beaurevoir, France and Flanders 1916-18, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915-16

The ANZAC 'A'

The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.

The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17.

Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.

ANZAC 'A'

Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916. (slightly amended for layout)
DISTINCTIONS FOR OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS WHO HAVE BEEN WOUNDED

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :

  • Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches [2.5cm] in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

  • In the case of officers, the lower end of the first strip of gold braid will be immediately above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

  • Warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men will wear the gold braid on the left forearm sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be three inches from the bottom of the sleeve.

  • Subsequent occasions on which wounded, will be placed on either side of the original one at half inch interval.

  • Gold braid and sews will be obtained free on indent from the Army Ordnance Department; the sewing on will be carried out regimentally without expense to the public.

Wound Stripes

Long Service Badges

A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917 (slightly amended for layout)

The question of the issue of a badge to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

  • The badge will consist of an inverted single chevron of service braid to be worn on the left forearm - the point of the chevron to be 3 inches [7.6cm] above the edge of the cuff.

  • Warrant and non-commissioned officers and men, will be eligible for the badge, which will not carry an increased pay or allowance.

  • One chevron will be worn for each complete year's service in the Australian Imperial Force from the date of embarkation in Australia

  • No badge will be issued to any man who, during the 12 months, has incurred a regimental entry (i.e. an entry involving forfeiture of pay) in his sheet.

  • Time absent from the unit in hospital or elsewhere on account of wounds or sickness, not the result of misconduct, will count as service towards earning the badge.

  • A man in possession of a badge will forfeit same on being convicted of any offence involving a forfeiture of pay , but will be eligible to regain the badge after 6 months good conduct, from the date of forfeiture.

  • The illegal wearing of this badge will be a crime under A.A. Section 40.

Long Service Badges

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, January 1918 (Slightly amended for layout)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

  • Chevrons of two colours have been approved.

    • The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red.

    • If earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue.

    • All additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

  • The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch [0.63cm] in width, the arms 4 inches [10.2cm] long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm:

  • In the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch [2.5cm] above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

  • In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches [10.2cm] above the bottom edge of the sleeve.

  • The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

  • In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.

[http://au.geocities.com/fortysecondbattalion/level2/reference/01nos-standards.htm]

Overseas Service Chevrons