492 Private Arthur James Taylor (WIA***)
26th Infantry Battalion, 7th Infantry Brigade, 1st Division
1st Australian Imperial Force 1914-1919

WIA*** - Three times Wounded in Action

This file last updated 10 October, 2018 12:01

Introduction

Arthur James Taylor

Picture taken 3 Dec 1921

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the service record of Arthur James Taylor.

Note that some of the service record pages may be duplicated - presumably when the unit and Army records were amalgamated on discharge.

Service numbers were allocated by the original unit, and are not unique to the individual. it was entirely possible to have two individuals with the same number in the same unit, where one of them transferred from the original unit to another unit or corps.

Clive Mitchell-Taylor - 16 Jun 2018 - step grandson of Arthur Taylor

View Arthur Taylor's Service Record, World War One Nominal Roll entry and Embarkation Roll entry.


World War One medal set


L to R - 1914-15 Star, War Medal 1914-1920, Victory Medal
[This image is taken from Arthur Taylor's medals]


Enlistment Details

Service Number

492

Name

Arthur James Taylor

Born at

Bristol, County of Somerset, England

Age

20 years and 8 months at time of enlistment

Trade or Calling

Hairdresser

Apprenticeship

Yes, three years

Marital Status

Single

Next of Kin

Father - Mr R Taylor, Clifton, Bristol
Address later amended to 10 South Terrace, Redland, Bristol, England

Previous Military Service

Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve, 3 years, time expired

Attested at

HMT Ascaneous (A11), at sea

Date of Enlistment

23 June 1915

Height

5 foot 7 inches [170cm]

Weight

158 pounds [10 stone 4 pounds or 71.7Kg]

Chest

36 - 38 inches [91.5 - 96.5cm]

Eyes

Brown

Hair

Brown

Religious Denomination

Church of England

Units

26th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 1st Division


Chronological Events

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Enlisted

23 Jun 1915

Private

Embarked from Australia on HMT Ascaneous

29 Jun 1915

Jul 1915

2nd Division Australian Imperial Force (AIF)formed in Egypt, including 26th Battalion, 7th Infantry Brigade

Private

Embarked for Gallipoli

Aug 1915

Private

Transferred to Base Details

3 Sep 1915

Private

Chancre - admitted 1st Australian Stationary Hospital, Lemnos

8 Sep 1915

Private

Transferred from 1 Aust Stationary Hospital Lemnos to Convalescent Camp

15 Oct 1915

Private

Returned to Anzac from Lemnos, total period of ineffective service due to VD - 44 days

22 Oct 1915

Private

Withdrawn from Gallipoli

Dec 1915

Private

Disembarked Ex Mudros at Alexandria

9 Jan 1916

Private

Offence - Tel-el-Kebir
Absent Without Leave 2115 hrs 16 Jan 1916 to 2100 hrs 19 Jan 1916
Award - 168 hrs Field Punishment No 2

19 Jan 1916

Private

Offence - Moascar
Absent from Fatigue Work
Award - 48 hrs Field Punishment No 2

4 Mar 1916

Private

Proceed to join British Expeditionary Force - Alexandria

15 Mar 1916

 

Private

Disembarked ex Alexandria - to Armentieres

21 Mar 1916

Private

Offence - L'Hallobean France
Absent Without Leave from 1000 hrs 6 Apr 1916 to 2030 hrs 6 Apr 1916
Award - Admonished - Forfeiture of one day's pay

7 Apr 1916

Private

Took part in raid on enemy trenches on night 6/7 June 1916

6/7 Jun 1916

27 July 1916

2nd Division relieved 1st Division at Poziers. Pozieres captured during subsequent fighting

Private

Admitted to 44th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train

29 Jul 1916

10,843 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted to 1st Field Ambulance and transferred to 6th Motor Ambulance Corps

29 Jul 1916


Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Wounded in action. Gunshot wound to leg. Admitted to No 1 Can(adian?) General Hospital, Etaples France

29 Jul 1916

Private

Transferred to No 6 Convalescence Depot

10 Aug 1916

Private

Admitted to 2nd Division Base Depot Etaples

12 Aug 1916

 

Private

Offence - 2nd Aust Division Base Depot, Etaples France
Out of Bounds and Refusing to Comply with Orders of Camp Police
Award - 7 days Confined to Barracks

15 Aug 1916

Private

Returned to Unit from Hospital

21 Aug 1916

Aug 1916

2nd Div to Somme

Private

Offence - France
In the Field, Neglecting to Obey and Order, France
Award - 72 hours Field Punishment No 2

24 Sep 1916

 

Private

Wounded in Action - France. Gunshot wound, right hand.

14 Nov 1916

2nd Div Second tour of duty on Somme. 2,952 wounded this month.

Private

Admitted to 5th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 36th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted No 3 Stationary Hospital - Rouen France

14 Nov 1916

Private

Invalided to England from Havre

18 Nov 1916

 

Private

Embarked on HS Carisbrooke Castle at Havre for England

19 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted 4th Southern General Hospital, England

20 Nov 1916

 

Private

Transferred to 2nd Auxilliary Hospital, England

11 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in to Aust Convalescent Depot, Weymouth, from Southall

14 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in from furlough - Wareham Englandv

24 Jan 1917

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent Without Leave 1500 hrs 2 Feb 1917 to 1330 hrs on 3 Feb 1917
Award 7 days Confined to Barracks, forfeit 2 day's pay

6 Feb 1917


Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Taken on Strength - 69th Battalion, England

23 Mar 1917

Private

Offence - Southall England
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 16 Apr 1917 to 0700 hrs 17 Apr 1917,
Absent from Parade Ordered by his CO
1400 hrs 17 Apr 1917
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 17 Apr 1917 to 2145 hrs 18 Apr 1917
Award - 48 hrs Detention, forfeiture of 6 day's pay

20 April 1917

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent without Leave
1200 hrs 19 May 1917 to 1045 hrs 22 May 1917
Award - 168 hours Detention, Forfeiture of 11 days pay

23 May 1917

 

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Award - Forfeiture of one day's pay Neglecting to Obey Brigade Standing Orders (out of bounds)

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance with VD

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 16 Field Ambulance

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital (1 ADH), Bulford, England

6 Jun 1917

 

Private

Discharged from 1 ADH, Bulford England Total period of ineffective service due to VD, 43 days

18 Aug 1917

 

Private

Marched in from 1 ADH to H'cott

24 Aug 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance

4 Sep 1917

 

Private

Transferred to 26th Battalion on Marching out from 69th Draft Battalion

19 Sep 1917

 

Private

Offence - Hurdcott England
Absent Without Leave, 0800 7 Oct 17 to 1400 hrs 15 Oct 1917
Travelling by Train Without a Pass,
Award - 9 Days Field Punishment No 2, In custody 1 day awaiting trial, Forfeiture of 19 days pay

16 Oct 1917

 

Private

March out to Overseas Training Brigade

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

March in from 69th Draft Battalion to Leithbridge

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent without Leave 0900 14 Jan 1918 to 2200 hrs 14 Jan 1918
Award - Admonishment, Forfeit 1 days pay

15 Jan 1918

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave 2400 hrs 10 Feb 1918 to 2130 hrs on 18 Feb 1918
Award - 24 days Field Punishment No2, Forfeiture of 32 days pay

19 Feb 1918

 


Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave 0830 hrs 11 Mar 1918 to 2130 hrs on 14 Mar 1918
Award - 8 days Field Punishment No 2, In custody awaiting trial 2 days, Forfeiture of 15 days pay

18 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceed Overseas to France ex Leithbridge, Deverill via Southampton

20 Mar 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England - Havre

21 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to join unit - Havre

23 Mar 1918

 

Private

Taken on strength - Belgium

25 Mar 1918

15 Apr 1918

German counter-attack L'Agincourt

Private

Wounded in Action - France, Shrapnel wound, finger left hand

16 Apr 1918

4,218 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted 6th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

16 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 20th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 3rd Australian General Hospital Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

To Ambulance Train 19

22 Apr 1918

 

Private

Embarked for England on HS "Pieter de Cominck"

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted Central Military Hospital Fort Pitt, Chatham

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Transferred to 3rd Aux Hospital Darford

14 May 1918

Private

Furlough - 16 May 1918 to 30 May 1918

16 May 1918

 

Private

Offence - London Absent without Leave, 1100 hrs 30 May 1918 to 1500 hrs 30 May 1918
Award - Forfeit 1 day's pay
Sent to 4 Convalescent Depot

31 May 1918

 

Private

Sick - admitted Camp Isolation Hosp (Scabies)

30 Jun 1918

Private

Offence - Hurdcott, Absent Without Leave, 1000 hrs 30 Jul 1918 to 1730 hrs 3 Aug 1918
Award - Dismissed

10 Aug 1918

Private

Transferred from 4th Convalescence Depot to Overseas Training Brigade

16 Sep 1918

 

Private

Proceeded Overseas to France via Southampton

12 Oct 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England

13 Oct 1918

 


Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Taken on Strength - 69th Battalion, England

23 Mar 1917

Private

Proceeded to join unit

15 Oct 1918

 

Private

Rejoined Battalion - Broodeseinde

16 Oct 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to Divisional Reserve Wing (DR Wing)for return to Australia

21 Dec 1918

 

Private

Proceed to Australian General Base Depot (AGBD) ex DR Wing for Aust

29 Dec 1918

 

Private

March in from AGBD France for Return to Australia

2 Jan 1919

 

Private

Disembarked Southampton ex France to report to Hurdcott (1915 Personnel)

3 Jan 1919

Private

Returned to Australia per HMT Kashmir

9 Apr 1919

Private

Discharged 1st Military District

2 Jul 1919


Medals and Dress Embellishments

1914-15 Star, British War Medal 1914-1920, Victory Medal.

entitled to wear ANZAC 'A'

Three Wound Stripe for 29 Jul 1916, 14 Nov 1916 and 16 Apr 1918.

Four Long Service Stripes and five Overseas Service Chevrons.

Use the hyperlinks or scroll down to see further information on the badges.


Background - Infantry Battalions

[Based on information in Redcoats to Cams, Ian Kuring.]

In December 1914, battalions of about 1000 men were organised into eight companies each divided into half of 60 men and then into two sections of around 30 men. Command was highly centralised with companies commanded by a Captain, half-companies by Lieutentants and sections by a Sergeant.

In early 1915 Australia reduced the number of Companies to four, but doubled their size to more than 220 men. Each rifle company had a headquarters and four platoons. Each platoon had a headquarters and four rifle sections of 10 men commanded by corporals.

From early 1916 light machineguns replaced medium machine guns and were eventually issued to each rifle platoon.

During 1917 rifle platoons were reorganised to have a light machine gun section, a rifle grenade section, a hand grenade/bombing section and a rifle assault section.

By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion.

Rifle, Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III
Rifle, Small Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III with sword bayonet

26th Battalion, 7th Brigade, 1st Division

[Information from https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au]

Unit Shoulder Patch
26th Infantry Battalion
26<sup>th</sup> Infantry Battalion Shoulder Patch

Entitled to wear
ANZAC 'A' on Shoulder Patch

The 26th Battalion was raised at Enoggera, Queensland, in April 1915 from recruits enlisted in Queensland and Tasmania, and formed part of the 7th Brigade. It left Australia in July, and, after training in Egypt, landed at Gallipoli on 12 September. At Gallipoli, the 26th played a purely defensive role and at various times was responsible for the defence of Courtney's and Steele's Posts, and Russell's Top. It withdrew from the peninsula on 12 December.

After another stint in Egypt, the 7th Brigade proceeded to France as part of the 2nd Australian Division in March 1916 In concert with the 28th Battalion, the 26th mounted the first trench raid undertaken by Australian troops on the Western Front on 6 June. The Battalion fought in its first major battle around Pozieres between 28 July and 7 August. After a short spell in Belgium, the 2nd Division came south in October to attack again in the Somme Valley. The 26th Battalion took part in two attacks to the east of Flers, both of which floundered in mud and slush.

In early 1917, the 26th Battalion joined the follow-up of the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line and attacked at Warlencourt (1-2 March) and Lagincourt (26 March). For his valorous actions at Lagincourt, Captain Percy Cherry was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. On 3 May, the Battalion was also involved in the second attempt to breach the Hindenburg Line defences around Bullecourt. Later that year the focus of the AIF's operations switched to Belgium. There, the 26th battalion fought in the battle of Menin Road on 20 September, and participated in the capture of Broodseinde Ridge on 4 October.

Like most AIF battalions, the 26th fought to turn back the German spring offensive in April 1918, and in the lull that followed mounted "peaceful penetration" operations to snatch portions of the German front line. In one such operation in Monument Wood on 14 July the 26th Battalion captured the first German tank to fall into Allied hands - No. 506 "Mephisto". In another, on 17 July, Lieutenant Albert Borrella was awarded the Victoria Cross. Later in the year the 26th participated in the great offensive that began on 8 August, its most notable engagement being an attack east of Mont St Quentin on 2 September. The Battalion's last action of the war was the capture of Lormisset, part of the operation to breach the Beaurevoir Line, on 3 October 1918. The 26th Battalion was disbanded in May 1919.


Battle Honours:

Somme 1916-18, Pozieres, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Broodeseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, Beaurevoir, France and Flanders 1916-18, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915-16


1914-15 Star

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
1914-15 Star

The decoration consists of a four-pointed star in bright bronze as shown, with the date 1914-15 on the central scroll. The reverse is plain, and is stamped with the name and unit of the recipient. The ribbon is red, white and blue, shaded and watered, worn with the red nearest the centre of the breast. It is atached to the medal through a ring.

It is similar in shape and description to the 1914 Star, to which few, if any, Australians were entitled.

The decoration, sanctioned in 1918, was issued "to all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others eployed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined in Appendix 'A'. Individuals in possession of the 1914 Star will not be eligible for the award of this decoration."

Appendix 'A' included the Western, Eastern, Egyptian, African, Asiatic and Australasian Theatres of war, with commencement dates individual to countries and campaigns.


British War Medal 1940-20

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
British War Medal

This medal was approved by King George V in 19 19 to record the bringing of the war to a successful conclusion and the arduous services rendered by His Majesty's Forces.

The medal, which is supended from its ribbon by means of a straight clasp, without swivel, bears on the obverse the effigy of His Majesty - exactly similar to that on a half-crown - with the legend 'Georgivus V : Omn : Rex et Ind : Imp'.

The reverse bears a design which represents St George on horseback, trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers and a skull and crossbones, the emblems of death. Overhead is the risen sun of victory. The male figure, rather than a symbolical female one, was chosen because man had borne the brunt of the fighting. The figure was mounted on horseback as symbolical of man's mind controlling force (represented by the horse) of far greater strength than his own. The design is thus also symbolical of the mechanical and scientific appliances which helped so largely to win the war.

The ribbon has a orange watered centre with stripes of white and black at each side and with borders of royal blue. It is stated that the colours have no particular signification.


Victory Medal

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]

This medal, of bronze, bears on the obverse a winged figure of Victory, full length in the middle of the medal and full face; the borders and the backgound plain, without either incription or date. On the reverse is an inscription. "The Great War for Civilization." and either the names of the different Allied and Associated Powers, or their coats of arms.

The rim is plain, and the medal hangs from a ring. The ribbon is red in the centre, with green and violet on either side shaded to form the colours of two rainbows.

It has also been approved that any officer or man who has been "mentioned in despatches" shall wear a small bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal. Only one oak leaf is so worn, no matter how many "mentions" the wearer may have received.

The medal is designed to obviate the exchange of Allied Commemorative war medals, and is issued only to those who actually served on the establishment of a unit or ship in a theatre of war. [This is an important distinction, as those Australians who served only in Australia, or only in Australia and England, were not entitled to the award.]


The Rising Sun Badge

This version of the Rising Sun Badge was worn by soldiers of the 1st and 2nd Australian Imperial Forces, and the badge has become an integral part of the Digger tradition.

Worn on the the upturned brim of the slouch hat, it is readily identified with thespirit of ANZAC.

There are a number of versions of the genesis of the badge, the most widely acceptedbeing that it derived from a Trophy of Arms - various swords and bayonets mounted ona semi-circular display in Victoria Barracks, Melbourne.

The original version worn in South Africa was modified in 1904 and worn by Australian soldiers through two World Wars.

Later changes were made to the style of the crown and the wording on the scroll. The "King's Crown" is the one shown to the left, while arches of the "Queen's Crown" rise at the same angle as the base of the crown, curve at their highest point to a level mid-way on the orb below the cross and then down to below the orb.

In 1949 the scroll was changed to read "Australian Military Forces".

In 1969 the badge was modified to incorporate the 7-pointed Federation Star with a central Queen's crown over the Torse wreath (a twisted roll of fabric) from the original 1902 version, and the scroll wording changed to "Australia".

In the 75th anniversary year of the the ANZAC landings at Gallipoli, there was a drive to return to traditional accoutrements worn by Australian soldiers during the World Wars, which clearly identify the Australian Army. The Queen's crown returned to its central position and the scroll now reads "The Australian Army'.


The ANZAC 'A'

ANZAC 'A'

The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.

The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17.

Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.


Long Service Badges

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]
Long Service Badges
A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917 (slightly amended for layout)

The question of the issue of a badge to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

  • The badge will consist of an inverted single chevron of service braid to be worn on the left forearm - the point of the chevron to be 3 inches [7.6cm] above the edge of the cuff.

  • Warrant and non-commissioned officers and men, will be eligible for the badge, which will not carry an increased pay or allowance.

  • One chevron will be worn for each complete year's service in the Australian Imperial Force from the date of embarkation in Australia.

  • No badge will be issued to any man who, during the 12 months, has incurred a regimental entry (i.e. an entry involving forfeiture of pay) in his sheet.

  • Time absent from the unit in hospital or elsewhere on account of wounds or sickness, not the result of misconduct, will count as service towards earning the badge.

  • A man in possession of a badge will forfeit same on being convicted of any offence involving a forfeiture of pay , but will be eligible to regain the badge after 6 months good conduct, from the date of forfeiture.

  • The illegal wearing of this badge will be a crime under A.A. Section 40.


Overseas Service Chevrons

[http://au.geocities.com/fortysecondbattalion/level2/reference/01nos-standards.htm]
[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, January 1918 (Slightly amended for layout)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

  • Chevrons of two colours have been approved.

    • The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red.

    • If earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue.

    • All additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

  • The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch [0.63cm] in width, the arms 4 inches [10.2cm] long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm:

  • In the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch [2.5cm] above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

  • In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches [10.2cm] above the bottom edge of the sleeve.

  • The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

  • In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.


Some Government Issued Badges

Nearest Female
Relative Badge

War Widows
Guild Brooch

Silver War Badge
 

Discharged Returned
Soldier Badge

Government issued badge in enamel
and sterling silver issued to the wife,
mother or nearest female relative of
a serving soldier. Additional bars
were suspended below for further
individuals.

Membership badge of a Kookaburra
in sterling silver, issued by the
Government to the widows of men
who lost their lives due to their
service. Numbered on the reverse.

Awarded to service personnel who
sustained a wound, or contracted
sickness of disability in the course
of the war as a result of which
they were invalided out, or to
soldiers who had retired during
the course of the war.

First issued in 1916. Slight variations are indicative of a number of makers. 267,300 were issued. Numbered on the reverse but the numbers have no link with length of service or Service Number.

[Badge information collated from Australian War Memorial, "Australians Awarded" by Clive Johnson and en.wikipedia.com]