492 Private Arthur James Taylor

Introduction

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the service record of Arthur James Taylor.

This picture taken 3 December 1921

Note that some of the service record pages are duplicated - presumably when the unit and Army records were amalgamated on discharge.

     Clive Mitchell-Taylor - 22 October 1996 - grandson of Arthur Taylor

Download Arthur Taylor's Service Record.


Enlistment Details

Service Number

492

 

Name

Arthur James Taylor

 

Born at

Bristol, County of Somerset, England

 

Date of Birth

20 years 8 months in June 1915

 

Trade or Calling

Hairdresser(apprenticed for 3 years)

 

Marital Status

Single

 

Next of Kin

Father - Mr R. Taylor Clifton Bristol [address afterwards amended to 10 South Terrace, Redland, Bristol, England]

 

Previous Military Service

Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve, 3 Years, time expired

 

Attested at

HMT Ascaneous (A11) at sea

 

Date of Enlistment

23 June 1915

 

Height

5 foot 7 inches

 

Weight

158 pounds

 

Chest

36-38 inches

 

Eyes

Brown

 

Hair

Dark Brown

 

Religious Denomination

Church of England

 

Units

26th Battalion, 5th Brigade

 

Chronological Events

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

Enlisted

23 Jun 1915

 

Private

 Embarked from Australia on HMT Ascaneous

29 Jun 1915

 

 

 

Jul 1915

2nd Division Australian Imperial Force (AIF) formed in Egypt, including 26th Battalion, 7th Infantry Brigade

Private

Embarked for Gallipoli

Aug 1915

 

Private

Transferred to Base Details

3 Sep 1915

 

Private

Chancre - admitted 1st Australian Stationary Hospital, Lemnos

8 Sep 1915

 

Private

Transferred from 1 Aust Stationary Hospital Lemnos to Convalescent Camp

15 Oct 1915

 

Private

Returned to Anzac from Lemnos, total period of ineffective service due to VD - 44 days

22 Oct 1915

 

Private

Withdrawn from Gallipoli

Dec 1915

 

Private

Disembarked Ex Mudros at Alexandria

9 Jan 1916

 

Private

Offence - Tel-el-Kebir. 
Absent Without Leave
2115 hrs 16 Jan 1916 to 2100 hrs 19 Jan 1916
Award - 168 hrs Field Punishment No 2

19 Jan 1916

 

Private

Offence - Moascar
Absent from Fatigue Work
Award - 48 hrs Field Punishment No 2

4 Mar 1916

 

Private

Proceed to join British Expeditionary Force - Alexandria

15 Mar 1916

 

Private

Disembarked ex Alexandria - to Armentieres

21 Mar 1916

 

Private

Offence - L'Hallobean France
Absent Without Leave from 1000 hrs 6 Apr 1916 to 2030 hrs 6 Apr 1916
Award - Admonished - Forfeiture of one day's pay

7 Apr 1916

 

Private

Took part in raid on enemy trenches on night 6/7 June 1916

6/7 Jun 1916

 

 

 

27 July 1916

2nd Division relieved 1st Division at Poziers. Pozieres captured during subsequent fighting

Private

Admitted to 44th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train
 

29 Jul 1916

10,843 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted to 1st Field Ambulance and transferred to 6th Motor Ambulance Corps

29 Jul 1916

 

Private

Wounded in action. Gunshot wound to leg. Admitted to No 1 Can(adian?) General Hospital, Etaples France

29 Jul 1916

 

Private

Transferred to No 6 Convalescence Depot

10 Aug 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 2nd Division Base Depot Etaples

12 Aug 1916

 

Private

Offence - 2nd Aust Division Base Depot, Etaples France
Out of Bounds and Refusing to Comply with Orders of Camp Police
Award - 7 days Confined to Barracks

15 Aug 1916

 

Private

Returned to Unit from Hospital

21 Aug 1916

 

 

 

Aug 1916

2nd Div to Somme

Private

Offence - France
In the Field, Neglecting to Obey and Order, France
Award - 72 hours Field Punishment No 2

24 Sep 1916

 

Private

Wounded in Action - France.
Gunshot wound, right hand.

14 Nov 1916

2nd Div Second tour of duty on Somme.
2,952 wounded this month

Private

Admitted to 5th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 36th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Ambulance train

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted No 3 Stationary Hospital - Rouen France

14 Nov 1916

 

Private

Invalided to England from Havre

18 Nov 1916

 

Private

Embarked on HS Carisbrooke Castle at Havre for England

19 Nov 1916

 

Private

Admitted 4th Southern General Hospital, England

20 Nov 1916

 

Private

Transferred to 2nd Auxilliary Hospital, England

11 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in to Aust Convalescent Depot, Weymouth, from Southall

14 Dec 1916

 

Private

Marched in from furlough - Wareham England

24 Jan 1917

 

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent Without Leave
1500 hrs 2 Feb 1917 to 1330 hrs on 3 Feb 1917
Award 7 days Confined to Barracks, forfeit 2 day's pay

6 Feb 1917

 

Private

Taken on Strength - 69th Battalion, England

23 Mar 1917

 

Private

Offence - Southall England
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 16 Apr 1917 to 0700 hrs 17 Apr 1917,
Absent from Parade Ordered by his CO
1400 hrs 17 Apr 1917
Absent Without Leave
2130 hrs 17 Apr 1917 to 2145 hrs 18 Apr 1917
Award - 48 hrs Detention, forfeiture of 6 day's pay

20 April 1917

 

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Absent without Leave
1200 hrs 19 May 1917 to 1045 hrs 22 May 1917
Award - 168 hours Detention, forfeiture of 11 days pay

23 May 1917

 

Private

Offence - Wareham England
Neglecting to Obey Brigade Standing Orders (out of bounds)
Award - Forfeiture of one day's pay

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance with VD

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 16 Field Ambulance

5 Jun 1917

 

Private

Admitted to 1 Australian Dermatological Hospital, Bulford England

6 Jun 1917

 

Private

Discharged from 1 ADH, Bulford England
Total period of ineffective service due to VD, 43 days

18 Aug 1917

 

Private

Marched in from 1 ADH to H'cott

24 Aug 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to 16 Field Ambulance

4 Sep 1917

 

Private

Transferred to 26th Battalion on Marching out from 69th Draft Battalion

19 Sep 1917

 

Private

Offence - Heurdcott (?) England
Absent Without Leave
0800 7 Oct 17 to 1400 hrs 15 Oct 1917
Travelling by Train Without a Pass,
Award - 9 Days Field Punishment No 2
In custody 1 day awaiting trial
Forfeiture of 19 days pay

16 Oct 1917

 

Private

March out to Overseas T(raining?) Brigade

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

March in from 69th Draft Battalion to Leithbridge

19 Oct 1917

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent without Leave
0900 14 Jan 1918 to 2200 hrs 14 Jan 1918
Award - Admonishment
Forfeit 1 days pay

15 Jan 1918

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave
2400 hrs 10 Feb 1918 to 2130 hrs on 18 Feb 1918
Award - 24 days Field Punishment No2
Forfeiture of 32 days pay

19 Feb 1918

 

Private

Offence - Sandhill England
Absent Without Leave
0830 hrs 11 Mar 1918 to 2130 hrs on 14 Mar 1918
Award - 8 days Field Punishment No 2
In custody awaiting trial 2 days
Forfeiture of 15 days pay

18 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceed Overseas to France ex Leithbridge, Deverill via Southampton

20 Mar 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England - Havre

21 Mar 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to join unit - Havre

23 Mar1918

 

Private

Taken on strength - Belgium

25 Mar 1918

 

 

 

15 Apr 1918

German counter-attack L'agincourt

Private

Wounded in Action - France
Shrapnel wound, finger left hand

16 Apr 1918

4,218 wounded in this month

Private

Admitted 6th Australian Field Ambulance and transferred to Casualty Clearing Station

16 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 20th Casualty Clearing Station and transferred to Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted to 3rd Australian General Hospital Abbeville

17 Apr 1918

 

Private

To AT 19 (?)

22 Apr 1918

 

Private

Embarked for England on HS "Pieter de Cominck"

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Admitted Central Military Hospital Fort Pitt, Chatham

23 Apr 1918

 

Private

Transferred to 3rd Aux Hospital Darford

14 May 1918

 

Private

Furlough - 16 May 1918 to 30 May 1918

16 May 1918

 

Private

Offence - London
Absent without Leave
1100 hrs 30 May 1918 to 1500 hrs 30 May 1918
Award - Forfeit 1 day's pay
Sent to 4 Convalescent Depot

31 May 1918

 

Private

Sick - admitted Camp Isolation Hosp (Scabies)

30 Jun 1918

 

Private

Offence - Hurdcott
Absent Without Leave
1000 hrs 30 Jul 1918 to 1730 hrs 3 Aug 1918
Award - Dismissed

10 Aug 1918

 

Private

Transferred from 4th Convalescence Depot to Overseas Training Brigade

16 Sep 1918

 

Private

Proceeded Overseas France via Southampton

12 Oct 1918

 

Private

Admitted from England

13 Oct 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to join unit

15 Oct 1918

 

Private

Rejoined Battalion - Broodeseinde ?

16 Oct 1918

 

Private

Proceeded to (Divisional Reserve Wing?) for return to Australia

21 Dec 1918

 

Private

Proceed to AGBD ex DR Wing for Aust

29 Dec 1918

 

Private

March in from AGBD France for Return to Australia

2 Jan 1919

 

Private

Disembarked Southampton ex France to report to Hurdcott (1915 Personnel)

3 Jan 1919

 

Private

Returned to Australia per HMT Kashmir

9 Apr 1919

 

Private

Discharged 1st Military District

2 Jul 1919

 

 

Medals awarded:

1914-1915 Star
British War Medal 1914-1920
Victory Medal

Dress Embellishments:

Wound Stripes for ,
   29 Jul 1916
  14 Nov 1916
   16 Apr 1918
 Long Service Stripes forfeited
Five Overseas Service Chevrons


Rising Sun Badge used by the 1st and 2nd AIF

Shoulder Patch (2in by 2in) of the
26th Bn of the 7th Australian Infantry Brigade
Promulgated in Second Australian Division Instruction dated 3 August 1915
The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.  The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17.  Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.
 

Original World War One medal set (approximately actual size)
Download the 1.4Mb Service Record (Adobe PDF format)

The 1914 infantry battalion was a large unit, composed of eight rifle companies each of 3 officers and 116 other ranks armed with Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303 rifles, a   small headquarters with 4 officers and 21 other ranks and a machine gun section with two .303 Maxim machine guns, one officer and 17 other ranks, a total of 32 officers and 991 other ranks. In December 1914, battalions were reorganised into four companies each of four platoons, but strength was unchanged. By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion. 

26th Infantry Battalion (Queensland and Tasmania) [7th Infantry Brigade]
Formed Queensland April 1915. Departed Brisbane Aeneas 29 June 1915 and Ascanius  24 May 1915. 1st Reinforcements departed Brisbane Aeneas 29 June 1915 and Melbourne Orsova 17 September 1915, 2nd  Reinforcements departed Sydney Shropshire 20 August 1915 and Brisbane Kyarra 16 August 1915, 3rd Reinforcements departed Melbourne Makarini 10 September 1915 and Brisbane Armadale 20 September 1915, 4th Reinforcements departed Melbourne Hororata 27 September 1915, 5th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Warilda 5 October 1915, 6th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Seang Bee 21 October 1915, Melbourne Ulysses 27 October 1915, 7th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Itonus 30 December 1915, Hobart Ajana 13 December 1915, 8th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Kyarra 3 January 1916, Melbourne Afric 5 January 1916, 9th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Wandilla 31 January 1916, 10th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Commonwealth 28 March 1916, 11th Reinforcements departed Sydney Star of Victoria 31 March 1916, 12th Reinforcements departed Sydney Mooltan 12 April 1916, 13th Reinforcements departed Seang Choon 4 May 1916, 14th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Itonus 8 August 1916, 15th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Clan Macgillivray 7 September 1916, 16th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Boonah 21 October 1916, 17th Reinforcements departed Brisbane Marathon 27 October 1916, 18th Reinforcements departed Sydney Demosthenes 22 December 1916, 19th Reinforcements departed Sydney Wiltshire 7 February 1917, 20th Reinforcements departed Sydney  Hororata 16 June 1917, 21st Reinforcements departed Sydney Ormonde 2 March 1918.
Battle Honours: Suvla, Gallipoli 1915,  Egypt 1915-16, Somme 1916-18, Pozieres, Bapaume 1917, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood,  Broodeseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Ancre 1918, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, Beaurevoir, France and Flanders 1916-18
Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

[Information from http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/~rmallett]

Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916.
DISTINCTIONS FOR OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS WHO HAVE BEEN WOUNDED

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :
Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

In the case of officers, the lower end of the first strip of gold braid will be immediately above the upper point of the flap on the cuff. Warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men will wear the gold braid on the left forearm sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be three inches from the bottom of the sleeve. Subsequent occasions on which wounded, will be placed on either side of the original one at half inch interval.  Gold braid and sews will be obtained free on indent from the Army Ordnance Department; the sewing on will be carried out regimentally without expense to the public.

Long Service Badges

A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917

The question of the issue of a badge  to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, 4th January 1918 *(Slightly abridged)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

Chevrons of two colours have been approved. The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red; if earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue; and all additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch in width, the arms 1/4 inch long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm: in the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch above the upper point of the flap on the cuff. In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches above the bottom edge of the sleeve. The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.

[http://au.geocities.com/fortysecondbattalion/level2/reference/01nos-standards.htm]