934 Private Albert Edward Mitchell

Introduction

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the World War One service record of Albert Edward Mitchell.

Note that some of the service record pages are duplicated - presumably when the unit and Army records were amalgamated on discharge.

This picture dated 3 December 1921

     Clive Mitchell-Taylor - 22 October 1996 - grandson of Albert Mitchell

Download Albert Mitchell's Service Record


Enlistment Details

Service Number

934

Name

Albert Edward Mitchell

Born at

Parish of Walkden, Town of Manchester, County of Lancashire, England

Date of Birth

19 years 7 months as at 22 Mar 1915

Trade or Calling

Farm Hand

Marital Status

Single

Next of Kin

Father - Mr Albert Edward Mitchell
16 Knowesley Ave.,
Eccles, Manchester, England

Previous Military Service

No

Attested at

Liverpool NSW

Date of Enlistment

25 March 1915

Height

5 foot 5 inches

Weight

127 pounds

Chest

29-33 inches

Eyes

Good Grey

Hair

Light Brown

Religious Denomination

Church of England

Units

20th Battalion, 5th Brigade


Chronological Events

Rank

Description

Date

Remarks

Private

 Enlisted

23 Mar 1915

 

Private

 Embarked from Australia on HMT Berrima

26 Jun 1915

 

 

 

Jul 1915

 2nd Division Australian Imperial Force (AIF) formed in Egypt, including 20th Battalion, 5th Infantry Brigade

Private

Embarked for Gallipoli

Aug 1915

 

Private

Withdrawn from Gallipoli

Dec 1915

 

Private

Disembarked Alexandria

9 Jan 1916

 

Private

Embarked Alexandria HMT Ingoma

18 Mar 1916

 

Private

Disembarked Marseilles

25 Mar 1916

 

 

27 July

Relieved 1st Division at Poziers,
Pozieres captured during subsequent fighting

Private

Wounded in Action - France remained on duty
 

4 Aug 1916

2nd Div to Somme, 9,193 wounded this month

 

November

2nd Div Second tour of duty on Somme

Private

Reported sick to 8th Field Ambulance

15 Dec 1916

 

Private

Admitted 1st New Zealand Stationary Hospital Amiens - Venereal sore

16 Dec 1916

 

Private

Transferred to 15th Australian Ambulance Train Amiens

19 Dec 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 1st Stationary Hospital Rouen

20 Dec 1916

 

Private

Admitted to 51st General Hospital Etaples

24 Dec 1916

 

Private

Discharged from 1st Stationary Hospital
Total period of ineffective service due to VD, 77 days
Transferred to Australian Divisional Base Depot

1 Mar 1917

 

Private

Marched out to unit, Hindenberg line

24 Mar 1917

 

Private

Rejoined Battalion in the field from Hospital

27 Mar 1917

 

 

15 Apr 1917

German counter-attack L'agincourt

 

3 May 1917

Second battle of Bullecourt

Private

To Australian Corps School

5 Jul 1917

 

Private

Rejoined Battalion from 4th Army Signals School (not up to standard)1

8 Jul 1917

 

Private

Detached from 20th Bn AIF for duty with 2ndDivisional Signals Coy AIF

10 Aug 1917

 

Private

Permanently attached to 2nd Aust Div Sig Coy

12 Aug 1917

 

Menin Road

September

 

Broodeseinde

October

 

Private

Leave to England

25 Nov 1917

 

Private

Rejoined Bn ex leave - Belgium

13 Dec 1917

 

Private

Reported sick to Field Ambulance

8 Feb 1918

 

Private

Cease detachment to 2 Aust Div Sig Coy

8 Feb 1918

 

Private

Rejoin Bn from Hospital (sick)

17 Feb 1918

 

 

 

March 1918

German offensive, Somme

Private

To school in Belgium - Universite du Travail, Charleroi, Belgium

13 Mar 1918

 

Private

From School - Belgium

26 Mar 1918

 

Private

Appointed Lance Corporal

26 Jun 1918

 

 

 

July

Battle of Hamel

Lance Corporal

To School

14 Jul 1918

 

Lance Corporal

From School

24 Jul 1918

 

 

 

September

Mont St Quentin

Lance Corporal

Reverts to Private at own request

18 Sep 1918

 

Private

To School

19 Sep 1918

 

Private

From School

3 Nov 1918

 

Private

Leave to UK

6 Nov 1918

 

Private

Rejoined Unit from Leave

23 Nov 1918

 

Private

To Education Course - France

4 Feb 1919

 

Private

From Education Course

8 Feb 1919

 

Private

Proceeded on Leave to Paris

8 Feb 1919

 

Private

Return from Leave

20 Feb 1919

 

Private

Return from Education Course - France

29 Mar 1919

 

Private

March out to Australian General Base Depot for Return to Australia
2nd Division last to be withdrawn

30 Mar 1919

 

Private

March out to UK for Return to Australia via Havre

4 Apr 1919

 

Private

Disembarked Southampton for Codford

5 Apr 1919

 

Private

Embarked for Australia on Nestor

20 May 1919

 

Private

Returned to Australia on Nestor

1 Jul 1919

 

Private

Discharged 2nd Military District

3 Sep 1919

 
Note:

1.  Which seems at odds with the immediately subsequent postings.  <Return>


 

Medals awarded:

1914-1915 Star
British War Medal 1914-1920
Victory Medal

Dress Embellishments:

Wound Stripe for 4 Aug 1916,
Four Long Service Stripes
Five Overseas Service Chevrons


Rising Sun Badge used by the 1st and 2nd AIF

Shoulder Patch (2in by 2in) of the
20th Bn of the 5th Australian Infantry Brigade
Promulgated in Second Australian Division Instruction dated 3 August 1915
The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.  The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17.  Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.
 

Original World War One medal set (approximately actual size)
Download the 1.4Mb Service Record (Adobe PDF format)

 

The 1914 infantry battalion was a large unit, composed of eight rifle companies each of 3 officers and 116 other ranks armed with Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303 rifles, a   small headquarters with 4 officers and 21 other ranks and a machine gun section with two .303 Maxim machine guns, one officer and 17 other ranks, a total of 32 officers and 991 other ranks. In December 1914, battalions were reorganised into four companies each of four platoons, but strength was unchanged. By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion. 

20th Infantry Battalion (New South Wales) [5th Infantry Brigade]
Formed New South Wales August 1914. Departed Sydney Berrima 26 June 1915. 1st Reinforcements departed Sydney Berrima 26 June 1915, 2nd Reinforcements departed Sydney Kanowna 19 June 1915, 3rd Reinforcements departed Sydney Runic 9 August 1915, 4th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ballarat 6 September 1915, 5th Reinforcements departed Sydney Argyllshire 30 September 1915, 6th Reinforcements departed Sydney Euripides 2 November 1915, 7th Reinforcements departed Sydney Suevic 23 December 1915, 8th Reinforcements departed Sydney Berrima 27 December 1915, 9th Reinforcements departed Sydney  Runic 21 January 1916, 10th Reinforcements departed Sydney Orsova 11 March 1916, 11th Reinforcements departed Sydney Nestor 9 April 1916, 12th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ceramic 14th April 1916, 13th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ajana 5 July 1916, 14th Reinforcements departed Sydney  Wiltshire 22 August 1916, 15th Reinforcements departed Sydney Euripides 9 September 1916, 16th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ceramic 7 October 1916, 17th Reinforcements departed Sydney Ascanius 25 October 1916, 18th Reinforcements departed Sydney Suevic 11 November 1916, 19th Reinforcements departed Sydney Anchises 24 January 1917 and  Wiltshire 7 February 1917, 20th Reinforcements departed Melbourne Suevic 21 June 1917, 21st Reinforcements departed Sydney Port Melbourne 16 July 1917.
 

Battle Honours: Suvla, Gallipoli 1915,  Egypt 1915-16, Somme 1916-18, Pozieres, Bapaume 1917, Bullecourt, Ypres 1917, Menin Road, Polygon Wood,  Broodeseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Ancre 1918, Hamel, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, Beaurevoir, France and Flanders 1916-18
Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front

[Information from http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/~rmallett]

Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916.
DISTINCTIONS FOR OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS WHO HAVE BEEN WOUNDED

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :
Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

Long Service Badges

A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917

The question of the issue of a badge  to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, 4th January 1918 *(Slightly abridged)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

Chevrons of two colours have been approved. The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red; if earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue; and all additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch in width, the arms 1/4 inch long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm: in the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch above the upper point of the flap on the cuff. In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches above the bottom edge of the sleeve. The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.

[http://au.geocities.com/fortysecondbattalion/level2/reference/01nos-standards.htm]