WW1 Awards for Gallantry and Leadership

Introduction

The following is an extract from the Report of the Independent Review Panel of the End of War List - Vietnam (Tanzer, Phillips & Mitchell-Taylor, 1999. Research which I undertook at the time required me to examine the introduction and historical development of the four-tier Imperial awards system which reached developed more fully as a result of WW1. Note that the Air Force developed as a result of WW1.

The Review Panel established a sound basis for reasonable translation between the Imperal and Australian awards, and for those unfamiliar with either awards system now, this table may be useful.

In addition these awards, both systems also address awards for bravery (civilian or military not in the face of the enemy), conspicuous service, campaign medals, long service awards, commemorative awards, group citations and of course, awards in the Order of Australia.

Level
Imperial
Australian
Awarded To
Navy
Army
Air Force
All Ranks, all Services
1
All Ranks, all Services
Victoria Cross
(VC, instituted 1865) )
Victoria Cross for Australia
(VC, instituted 15 Jan 1991)
2
Officers, all Services
Distinguished Service Order
(DSO, instituted 1886)
Star of Gallantry
(SG, instituted 15 Jan 1991)
2
Warrant Officers & Other Ranks
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal
(CGM, instituted 1855)
Distinguished Conduct Medal
(DCM, instituted 1854)
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying)
(CGM, instituted 1942)
3
Officers & Warrant Officers
Distinguished Service Cross
(DSC, instituted 1914)
Military Cross
(MC, instituted 1914)
Distinguished Flying Cross
(DFC, instituted 1918)
Medal for Gallantry
(MG, instituted 15 Jan 1991)
3
Warrant Officers (Except for DSM) & Other Ranks
Distinguished Service Medal
(DSM, instituted 1914, Other Ranks only)
Military Medal
(MM, instituted 1916)
Distinguished Flying Medal
(DFM, instituted 1918)
4
All Ranks, all Services
Mention in Despatches
(MID [not used as a post-nominal], instituted 1843)
Commendation for Gallantry
(CG [not used as a post-nominal], instituted 15 Jan 1991)