2371 Private James Ernest Lapworth [WIA**]
12th Infantry Battalion, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division
1st Australian Imperial Force

This file last updated 24 September, 2019 16:34

Introduction

Image if available

 

 

 

James Lapworthy enlisted in 1915 and was posted as a member of the 5th Reinforcements to the 26th Battalion. He embarked for the Middle East from Brisbane on HMAT "WARILDA (A69) on 5 oct 1915. On arrival in Egypt he underwent training with the 7th Training Battalion and was allotted to the 12th Battalion.

He embarked from Alexandria to join the BEF on 29 Mar 1916, disembarking at Marseilles on 5 Apr 1916. He was Wounded in Action (WIA) for the first time on 24 Jul 1916 with a gunshot wound to the neck. He was wounded again on 31 Oct 1917.

Quite apart from his wounds, James Lapworth spent considerable periods in hospital, suffering from sea sickness on his voyage from Australia, then rheumatism, debility, trench fever and acne. He did not adjust well to discipline, and chalked up a number of charges - mainly Absent Without Leave - on five different occasions.

He was recommended for the award of the Medale Militaire in 1918 but unfortunately the scan of the citation document is illegible. After being discharged in Australia he enquired after the results of the recommendation, noting that he had been recommended for the Military Medal and a Croix de Guerre. The recommendation was in fact for the Medale Militaire but he was advised that the award had not been been made. A search of awards made by the French might be interesting, should the record exist and be available.

Details concerning the 12th Battalion AIF taken from the entry on the Australian War Memorial site and the wikipedia entry for the 12th Battalion AIF.

See a copy of James's orginal Record of Service, his entry on the WW1 Embarkation Roll and WW1 Nominal Roll.

This record of the service of James Ernest Lapworth was prepared by Clive Mitchell-Taylor, September 2019. I originally believed that James was a brother of Harold Lapworth, having appointed his brother Frank as his next-of-kin as Harold had done, but his religion is RC rather than Harold's C of E, and the brother has a different address. A search of the historical birth records does not reveal his record, despite him having given Brisbane as his birthplace, and there is no link to Arthur Lapworth. He may have enlisted under a false name having enlisted under-age, and he may be vaguely related to Harold, but having done the research, his record will stay here.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Abbreviations or acronyms which have a dotted underline can be expanded by moving the cursor over the term - e.g. WIA. This is gradually being incorporated into the site, replacing the the current expansion of abbreviations. There may be a discernable delay of about a second before the expansion is first provided. There is also a separate list of abbreviations which is available through the menu at the top of this page or the hyperlink here.

Duplicated Pages

Some of the service record pages may be duplicated. This generally occurs when the unit and Army records are amalgamated on discharge or death in Service.

Service Numbers

Service numbers in WW1 were unique to the unit (e.g. Battalion) or Corps (e.g. Artillery). In WW2 Service Numbers were unique to the State in which they were allotted. For further information about identity numbers for Service personnel, see Regimental and Service Numbers

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the service record of Harold Lapworth. Over the course of the war there was a number of versions of the questions put to the enlistees.


AUSTRALIAN   

Australian Coat of Arms

   MILITARY FORCES

AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCE


Attestation paper of Persons Enlisted for Service Abroad

No.   

   2371   

Name   

   LAPWORTH, JAMES ERNEST   

Unit   

12th Infantry Battalion

Joined   

4 August 1915

Questions to be put to the Person Enlisting before Attestation

1.

What is your Name?

1.

James Ernest Lapworth

2.

In what Parish or Town were you born?

2.

In the Parish of Brisbane, in or near the Town of Brisbane in the County of Moreton Bay

3.

Are you a natural born British Subject or a Naturalised British Subject? (N.B. — If the latter, papers to be shown)

3.

Yes (natural born)

4.

What is your age?

4.

19 years 1 months

5.

What is your trade or calling?

5.

Foot Runner (Professional)

6.

Are you, or have you been, an Apprentice? If so, where, to whom, and for what period?

6.

No

7.

Are you married?

7.

No

8.

Who is your next of kin? (Address to be stated)

8.

Brother, Mr F. [Frank Joseph] Lapworth
C/- Mrs J. Ryan, Argyle, Hope St., S Brisbane

9.

Have you ever been convicted by the Civil Power?

9.

No

10.

Have you ever been discharged from any part of His Majesty's Forces, with Ignomony, or as Incorrigible and Worthless, or on account of Conviction of Felony, or of a Sentence of Penal Servitude, or have you been dismissed with Disgrace from the Navy?

10.

No

11.

Do you now belong to, or have you ever served in, His Majesty's army, the Marines, the Militia, the Militia, Reserve, the Territorial Force, Royal Navy or Colonial Forces? If so, state which, and if not now serving, state cause of discharge.

11.

Yes, Compulsory Training [see Introduction]

12.

Have you stated the whole, if any, of your previous service?

12.

Yes

13.

Have you ever been rejected as unfit for His Majesty's Service? If so, on what grounds?

13.

No

14.

(For married men, widowers with children, and soldier who are the sole support of widowed mother) - Do you understand that no separation allowance will be issue in respect of your service beyond an amount which together with pay would reach eight shillings [$A0.80¢] per day?

14.

15.

Are you prepared to undergo innoculations against small pox and enteric fever?

15.

Yes


CERTIFICATE OF ATTESTING OFFICER


The foregoing questions were read to the person enlisted in my presence.

I have taken care that he understands each question, and his answer to each question has been duly entered as replied to by him.

I have examined his naturalisation papers and am of opinion that they are correct.

Date   3 Nov 1915   

   Signature of Attesting Officer   


OATH TO BE TAKEN BY PERSON BEING ENLISTED


I,    James Ernest Lapworth    swear that I will well and truly serve our Sovereign Lord the King in the Australian Imperial Force from 20 Aug 1915 until the end of the War, and a further period of four months thereafter unless sooner lawfully discharged, dismissed or removed therefrom; and that I will resist His Majesty's enemies and cause His Majesty's peaceto be kept and maintained; and that I will in all matters appertaining to my service, faithfully discharge my duty according to law.

   SO HELP ME GOD

   Signature of Person Enlisted      

Taken and subscribed at        in the State of        this        day of        before me :—

   Signature of Attesting Officer      

* A person enlisting who objects to taking an oath may make an afformation in accordance with the Third Schedule of the Act, and the above form must be amended accordingly. All amendments must be initialed by the Attesting Officer.


Description of    LAPWORTH, JAMES ERNEST    on Enlistment


Age   19   years    4½   months

Distinctive Marks

Gold plated tooth front incisor in upper jaw
Scar on left knee, right shin

Height   5   feet       inches

[154.8cm]

Weight      123    lbs

[55.9Kg]

Chest    34½   inches

[87.6cm]

Eyes   Grey

Grey

Hair   Brown

Religious Denomination   RC

[Roman Catholic]


CERTIFICATE OF MEDICAL EXAMINATION


I have examined the above-named person and find that he does not present any of the following conditions, viz:—

Scrofula; phthisis; syphilis; impaired constitution; defective intelligence, defects of vision, voice or hearing; hernia; haemorhoids; varicose veins, beyond a limited extent; marked varicocele with unusually pendant testicle; inveterate cutaneous disease; chronic ulcers; traces of corporal punishment, or evidence of having been marked with the letters D. or B.C.; contracted or deformed chest abnormal curvature of spine; or any other disease or physical defect calculated to unfit him for the duties of a soldier.

He can see the required distance with either eye; his heart and lungs are healthy; he has the free use of his joints and limbs; and he declares he is not subject to fits of any description.

I consider him fit for active service.

Date    4 Nov 1915    

Place    Troopship A69    

    Signature of Examining Medical Officer    


CERTIFICATE OF COMMANDING OFFICER

I CERTIFY that this attestation of the above-named person is correct and that the required forms have been complied with. I according approve and appoint him to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Date       

Place       

    Signature of Officer Commanding    


Chronological Events

Rank Description Date Remarks

Private

Enlisted

5 Aug 1915

There is no record of initial training and attestation took place aboard ship. This may be due to his previous (compulsory) military training.

Private

Allotted to 5th/6th Reinforcements to the 26th Battalion

Not known

Private

Embarked on HMAT WARILDA (A69) for Middle East

5 Oct 1915

By the time this draft of reinforcements arrived in Egypt, troops on Gallipoli had been withdrawn and reorganisation of the AIF was taking place. Experienced Gallipoli veterans were placed as the initial backbone of newly created units, while the units themselves were reallocated to form the basis of newly created Brigades and Divisions.

Private

Disembarked at Zeitoun, Egypt.

1 Mar 1916

Private

OFFENCE
(1) Slackness on Defaulters Parade
(2) Disobeying Lawful Order
(3) Obscene Language
FINDING Guilty
AWARD 14 days detention

21 Feb 1916

Private

Reallocated to and joined 12th Bn

1 Mar 1916

Most likely after some training in Egypt

Private

Proceeded to join BEF.

29 Mar 1916

Private

Disembarked Marseilles

19 Mar 1916

The first AIF Battalion to arrive in France

Private

Wounded in Action (WIA), Gunshot wound to neck (mild)

24 Jul 1916

Private

Admitted to 3 CCS

24 Jul 1916

Private

Transferred to 6 GH, Rouen

26 Jul 1916

Private

Discharged to Base Depot

26 Jul 1916

Private

Rejoined unit

16 Sep 1916

Private

Admitted to 5 AFA, Rheumatism

4 Dec 1916

Private

Rejoined Unit

14 Dec 1916

Private

OFFENCE
(1) Conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline
(2) Absent from parade from
0900 to 1100 hours on 8 Mar 1917
FINDING Guilty
AWARD 72 hours Field punishment No 2

8 Mar 1917

Field Punishment No 1 consisted of heavy labouring duties, possibly restraint in handcuffs or fetters and being tied to a post or wheel.
Field Punishment No 2 differed in that the offender was not liable to be attached to a fixed object.

Private

Admitted to 3 AFA
Condition/diagnosis NYD

13 Mar 1917

Private

Transferred to 6 GH, Rouen

20 Mar 1917

Private

Transferred to England

26 Mar 1917

Private

Admitted to Royal Victorian Hospital, Netley. Debility

17 Apr 1917

Private

Discharged from Hospital to Depot, Weymouth

11 Jun 1917

Private

Marches in to No 1 Convalescent Depot and classified B.1.A

16 Jun 1917

Private

OFFENCE Perham Downs
(1) Absent without Leave from
13 Jul 1917 to 2 Aug 1917
(2) Losing by neglect his pass
FINDING Guilty
AWARD
20 Days Field Punishment No 2
Total forfeiture of pay 44 days

20 Apr 1918

Private

Marched out to Overseas Training Brigade

9 Aug 1917

Private

Proceded oveseas to Fsance

5 Sep 1917

Private

Marched in to 1 ADBD, Havre, from England

6 Sep 1917

Private

Rejoined Unit

24 Sep 1917

Private

Wounded in Action (2nd occasion), shrapnel wound to left hand. Admitted to 3 AFA

31 Oct 1917

Private

Discharged from Hospital to duty

8 Dec 1917

Private

Admitted to 53 CCS, with PUO also known as Trench Fever

30 Dec 1917

Private

Transferred to 56th General Hospital, Camiers

2 Jan 1918

Private

Transferred to England

7 Jan 1918

Private

Admitted to Horton County of London War Hospital, PUO

7 Jan 1918

Private

Transferred to 1 AH, Harefield

24 Jan 1918

Private

OFFENCE
Absent without leave from
2 Feb 1918 to 3 Feb 1918
FINDING Guilty
AWARD Forfeit 1 days pay, total forfeiture 3 days pay

4 Feb 1918

Private

Discharged from Hospital to furlough and report to 3 Con Depot on 21 Feb 1918

7 Feb 1918

Private

OFFENCE AWL from 21 Feb 1918 to 25 Feb 1918
FINDING Guilty
AWARD Forfeit 15 days pay, total forfeiture 19 days pay

25 Feb 1918

Private

Marched out to Overseas Training Battalion

13 Apr 1918

Private

OFFENCE Overstaying leave from
21 Apr 1918 to 27 Apr 1918
FINDING Guilty
AWARD Forfeit 2 days pay, total forfeiture 3 days pay.

27 Apr 1918

Private

Proceeds overseas to France from Deverill, Folkstone

8 May 1918

Private

Marched in to Convalescent Depot from England

8 May 1918

Private

Proceeded to unit and taken on strength

15 May 1918

Private

To Hospital, 3 AFA sick, Acne

1 Sep 1918

While this may appear trivial, hygiene conditions in the trenche were such that any infection was dangerous.

Private

Admitted to 3 CCS, Acne

2 Sep 1918

Private

To 5th General Hospital, Rouen, Acne

3 Sep 1918

Private

Transferred to England per HS Grantully Castle

20 Sep 1918

Private

Transferred to 5th Stationaru Hospital, Portsmouth

21 Sep 1918

Private

Transferred to 3rd Auxilliary Hospital and admitted

18 Oct 1918

Private

Granted furlough and to report to No 4 Convalescent Depot

2 Nov 1918

Private

Marched in to No 2 Conv Depot ex 4 Conv Depot and furlough

3 Dec 1918

Private

Returned to Australia per HT MORVADA

4 Jan 1919

Private

Disembarked 3rd Military District (Victoria)

20 Feb 1919

Private

By boat to 1st Military District (Queensland)

Not recorded

Private

Discharged at the completion of his obligation

1 Jul 1919


Medals and Dress Embellishments

1914-15 Star, British War Medal 1914-1920, and Victory Medal.

Two Wound Stripes.

Not entitled to wear ANZAC 'A'.

Having served from 1915 to 1919 James Lapworth should have been entitled to Four Long Service Stripes and four Overseas Service Chevrons,

Use the hyperlinks or scroll down to see further information on the badges.


Background - Infantry Battalions

[Based on information in Redcoats to Cams, Ian Kuring.]

In December 1914, battalions of about 1000 men were organised into eight companies each divided into half of 60 men and then into two sections of around 30 men. Command was highly centralised with companies commanded by a Captain, half-companies by Lieutentants and sections by a Sergeant.

In early 1915 Australia reduced the number of Companies to four, but doubled their size to more than 220 men. Each rifle company had a headquarters and four platoons. Each platoon had a headquarters and four rifle sections of 10 men commanded by corporals.

From early 1916 light machineguns replaced medium machine guns and were eventually issued to each rifle platoon.

During 1917 rifle platoons were reorganised to have a light machine gun section, a rifle grenade section, a hand grenade/bombing section and a rifle assault section.

By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion.

Rifle, Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III
Rifle, Small Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III with sword bayonet

12th Battalion, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division

[Information from https://rslvirtualwarmemorial.org.au]
Unit Shoulder Patch
12th Infantry Battalion



Not entitled to wear ANZAC 'A'

The 12th Battalion was among the first infantry units raised for the AIF during the First World War. Half of the battalion was recruited in Tasmania, a quarter was recruited in South Australia, and a quarter from Western Australia. With the 9th, 10th and 11th Battalions it formed the 3rd Brigade.

The battalion was raised within three weeks of the declaration of war in August 1914 and embarked just two months later. After a brief stop in Albany, Western Australia, the battalion proceeded to Egypt, arriving in early December. The 3rd Brigade was the covering force for the ANZAC landing on 25 April 1915 and so was the first ashore at around 4:30 am. Lieutenant Colonel L. F. Clarke, commander of the 12th Battalion, was killed by a sniper within hours of the landing. The battalion was heavily involved in establishing and defending the front line of the ANZAC position, and in August contributed two companies to the attack on Lone Pine. It was the only battalion in the brigade to do so. The 12th served at ANZAC until the evacuation in December.

After the withdrawal from Gallipoli, the 12th Battalion returned to Egypt and, in March 1916, sailed for France and the Western Front. From then until 1918 the battalion took part in bitter trench warfare. The battalion's first major action in France was at Pozieres in the Somme valley in July 1916. After Pozieres, the battalion fought at Ypres in Flanders and then returned to the Somme for winter.

In 1917 the battalion took part in the brief advance that followed the German Army's retreat to the Hindenburg Line. For their valorous actions near Boursies during this advance, Captain J. E. 'Jim' Newland, commanding A Company, and Sergeant J. W. Whittle were each awarded the Victoria Cross. The battalion subsequently returned to Belgium to participate in the offensive that became known as the Third Battle of Ypres.

In March and April 1918 the battalion helped to stop the German spring offensive, and later participated in the great allied offensive of 1918, fighting near Amiens on 8 August 1918. This advance by British and empire troops was the greatest success in a single day on the Western Front, one that German General Erich Ludendorff described as "the black day of the German Army in this war".

The battalion continued operations until late September 1918. At 11 am on 11 November 1918, the guns fell silent. Soon after, the members of the AIF began to return to Australia for demobilisation and discharge.


Battle Honours:

Albert 1918, Amiens, ANZAC, Broodeseinde, Bullecourt, Defence of ANZAC, Egypt 1915-16, Epehy, France and Flanders 1916-18, Gallipoli 1915, Hazebrouck, Hindenburg Line, Landing at ANZAC, Lys, Menin Road, Passchendaele, Poelcappelle, Polygon Wood, Poziéres, Sari Bair-Lone Pine, Somme 1916-18, Suvla, Ypres 1917



1914-15 Star

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
1914-15 Star

The decoration consists of a four-pointed star in bright bronze as shown, with the date 1914-15 on the central scroll. The reverse is plain, and is stamped with the name and unit of the recipient. The ribbon is red, white and blue, shaded and watered, worn with the red nearest the centre of the breast. It is atached to the medal through a ring.

It is similar in shape and description to the 1914 Star, to which few, if any, Australians were entitled. Those entitled were those who had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914.

The decoration, sanctioned in 1918, was issued "to all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others eployed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined in Appendix 'A'. Individuals in possession of the 1914 Star will not be eligible for the award of this decoration."

Appendix 'A' included the Western, Eastern, Egyptian, African, Asiatic and Australasian Theatres of war, with commencement dates individual to countries and campaigns.


British War Medal 1940-20

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
British War Medal

This medal was approved by King George V in 19 19 to record the bringing of the war to a successful conclusion and the arduous services rendered by His Majesty's Forces.

The medal, which is supended from its ribbon by means of a straight clasp, without swivel, bears on the obverse the effigy of His Majesty - exactly similar to that on a half-crown - with the legend 'Georgivus V : Omn : Rex et Ind : Imp'.

The reverse bears a design which represents St George on horseback, trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers and a skull and crossbones, the emblems of death. Overhead is the risen sun of victory. The male figure, rather than a symbolical female one, was chosen because man had borne the brunt of the fighting. The figure was mounted on horseback as symbolical of man's mind controlling force (represented by the horse) of far greater strength than his own. The design is thus also symbolical of the mechanical and scientific appliances which helped so largely to win the war.

The ribbon has a orange watered centre with stripes of white and black at each side and with borders of royal blue. It is stated that the colours have no particular signification.


Victory Medal

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]

This medal, of bronze, bears on the obverse a winged figure of Victory, full length in the middle of the medal and full face; the borders and the backgound plain, without either incription or date. On the reverse is an inscription. "The Great War for Civilization." and either the names of the different Allied and Associated Powers, or their coats of arms.

The rim is plain, and the medal hangs from a ring. The ribbon is red in the centre, with green and violet on either side shaded to form the colours of two rainbows.

It has also been approved that any officer or man who has been "mentioned in despatches" shall wear a small bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal. Only one oak leaf is so worn, no matter how many "mentions" the wearer may have received.

The medal is designed to obviate the exchange of Allied Commemorative war medals, and is issued only to those who actually served on the establishment of a unit or ship in a theatre of war. [This is an important distinction, as those Australians who served only in Australia, or only in Australia and England, were not entitled to the award.]


The Rising Sun Badge

This version of the Rising Sun Badge was worn by soldiers of the 1st and 2nd Australian Imperial Forces, and the badge has become an integral part of the Digger tradition.

Worn on the the upturned brim of the slouch hat, it is readily identified with the spirit of ANZAC.

There are a number of versions of the genesis of the badge, the most widely acceptedbeing that it derived from a Trophy of Arms - various swords and bayonets mounted ona semi-circular display in Victoria Barracks, Melbourne.

The original version worn in South Africa was modified in 1904 and worn by Australian soldiers through two World Wars.

Later changes were made to the style of the crown and the wording on the scroll. The "King's Crown" is the one shown to the left, while arches of the "Queen's Crown" rise at the same angle as the base of the crown, curve at their highest point to a level mid-way on the orb below the cross and then down to below the orb.

In 1949 the scroll was changed to read "Australian Military Forces".

In 1969 the badge was modified to incorporate the 7-pointed Federation Star with a central Queen's crown over the Torse wreath (a twisted roll of fabric) from the original 1902 version, and the scroll wording changed to "Australia".

In the 75th anniversary year of the the ANZAC landings at Gallipoli, there was a drive to return to traditional accoutrements worn by Australian soldiers during the World Wars, which clearly identify the Australian Army. The Queen's crown returned to its central position and the scroll now reads "The Australian Army'.


The ANZAC 'A'

ANZAC 'A'

The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.

The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17.

Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.


Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916. (slightly amended for layout)
DISTINCTIONS FOR OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS WHO HAVE BEEN WOUNDED

Wound Stripes

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :

  • Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches [2.5cm] in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

  • In the case of officers, the lower end of the first strip of gold braid will be immediately above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

  • Warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men will wear the gold braid on the left forearm sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be three inches from the bottom of the sleeve.

  • Subsequent occasions on which wounded, will be placed on either side of the original one at half inch interval.

  • Gold braid and sews will be obtained free on indent from the Army Ordnance Department; the sewing on will be carried out regimentally without expense to the public.


Long Service Badges

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]
Long Service Badges
A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917 (slightly amended for layout)

The question of the issue of a badge to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

  • The badge will consist of an inverted single chevron of service braid to be worn on the left forearm - the point of the chevron to be 3 inches [7.6cm] above the edge of the cuff.

  • Warrant and non-commissioned officers and men, will be eligible for the badge, which will not carry an increased pay or allowance.

  • One chevron will be worn for each complete year's service in the Australian Imperial Force from the date of embarkation in Australia.

  • No badge will be issued to any man who, during the 12 months, has incurred a regimental entry (i.e. an entry involving forfeiture of pay) in his sheet.

  • Time absent from the unit in hospital or elsewhere on account of wounds or sickness, not the result of misconduct, will count as service towards earning the badge.

  • A man in possession of a badge will forfeit same on being convicted of any offence involving a forfeiture of pay , but will be eligible to regain the badge after 6 months good conduct, from the date of forfeiture.

  • The illegal wearing of this badge will be a crime under A.A. Section 40.


Overseas Service Chevrons

[http://au.geocities.com/fortysecondbattalion/level2/reference/01nos-standards.htm]
[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, January 1918 (Slightly amended for layout)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

  • Chevrons of two colours have been approved.

    • The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red.

    • If earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue.

    • All additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

  • The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch [0.63cm] in width, the arms 4 inches [10.2cm] long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm:

  • In the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch [2.5cm] above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

  • In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches [10.2cm] above the bottom edge of the sleeve.

  • The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

  • In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.


Some Government Issued Badges

Nearest Female
Relative Badge

War Widows
Guild Brooch

Silver War Badge
 

Discharged Returned
Soldier Badge

Government issued badge in enamel and sterling silver issued to the wife, mother or nearest female relative of a serving soldier. Additional bars were suspended below for further individuals.

Membership badge of a Kookaburra in sterling silver, issued by the Government to the widows of men who lost their lives due to their service. Numbered on the reverse.

Awarded to service personnel who sustained a wound, or contracted sickness of disability in the course of the war as a result of which they were invalided out, or to soldiers who had retired during the course of the war.

First issued in 1916. Slight variations are indicative of a number of makers. 267,300 were issued. Numbered on the reverse but the numbers have no link with length of service or Service Number.

[Badge information collated from Australian War Memorial, "Australians Awarded" by Clive Johnson and en.wikipedia.com]