2167 Private Lewis George Brown KIA
32nd Infantry Battalion,
8th Brigade,
5th Division
1st Australian Imperial Force

This file last updated 30 August, 2023 13:42


The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the World War One service record of Lewis George Brown.

The photographs were a project of the Attorney General's Department of South Australia, and intriguingly, Brown appears twice - once as Lewis George Brown in the photograph on the left, and once as George Lewis Brown, in the photograph on the left. Different headgear and different service jacket. His service record is in the name of Lewis George Brown.

This biography of one of the soldiers appearing on the photographs used by the Seachange ANZAC Day Service Committee (ADSC) as representative of the soldiers of World War 1, was prepared by Clive Mitchell-Taylor, 4 November 2018.

Brown was a postal worker aged 24 on enlistment, was taken on strength of the 32nd Battalion in Egypt and was killed in action 26 days after setting foot in France, on the first day of of the Battle of Fromelles, having been in the front line only three days. The battle was a disaster for the Battalion, which lost 718 men - 75% of strength, but in reality closer to 90% of its fighting strength.

His body is buried in the RUE-PETILLON MILITARY CEMETERY,FLEURBAIX at Pas de Calais, France, and details of that burial from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, can be found here . He is also commemorated on panel 120 in the Commemorative Area at the Australian War Memorial as indicated by the poppy on the plan.

Lewis Brown's documents are:

  1. Service Record;
  2. WW1 Nominal Roll;
  3. Embarkation Roll;
  4. Commemorative Certificate;
  5. Red Cross;and
  6. See also the booklet Where Australians Rest which was issued by the Australian Government to the next-of-kin of those who died in the service of their country.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Abbreviations or acronyms which have a dotted underline can be expanded by moving the cursor over the term - e.g. WIA. The cursor will be replaced by ? and the expanded abbreviation will be displayed. This is gradually being incorporated into the site, replacing the the current expansion of abbreviations. There may be a discernable delay of about a second before the expansion is first provided.

There is also a separate list of abbreviations which is available through the menu at the top of this page or the hyperlink here.  Abbreviations are inconsistent, even within a single occurence where a term is abbreviated.

There are a number of sources for tracing abbreviations used in Australian and New Zealand service records. Those used when operating with the British or US forces can generally be found, especially in World War 1. Abbreviations used solely within Australia in WW2 are most difficult to trace, particularly when they are regional. Sometimes a 'best guess' is the only answer.

Duplicated Pages

Some of the service information may appear to be duplicated although individual occurrences are not in the same order and different abbreviations used. This occurs when the unit and Army records are amalgamated upon discharge or death in Service.

Service Numbers

Service numbers in WW1 were unique to the unit (e.g. Battalion) or Corps (e.g. Artillery). In WW2 Service Numbers were unique to the State in which they were allotted. For further information about identity numbers for Service personnel, see Regimental and Service Numbers

Dates of Occurrence and Reporting

The date of reporting an incident may be hours, days or months after the date on which incident actually occurred.

The original service record is amended only when the incident is reported which means that events are not necessarily recorded in in strict chronological sequence. This is the date shown on the left of the page of the original record, and also on the left in my transcription but readers should note that at times there may be no date of reporting at all, particularly when service personel are repatriated for discharge at the end of hostilities.

To assist the reader, when transcribing the military record I have done my best to record events in their chronological sequence. This is date is on the right of the page of the original record and also on the right in my transcription.

For clarity I have transcribed all dates into the format d MMM yyyy.

Memorial Plaques

Memorial Plaque - Thomas James Shepherd
Image courtesy of Mark Franzi, grand nephew of Thomas

Memorial Plaques were issued after the First World War to the next-of-kin of all British Empire service personnel who were killed as a result of war.

The plaques are 120mm in diameter, were cast in bronze and came to be know as the "Dead Man's Penny" because of the similarity in appearance to the much smaller penny coin.

1,355,00 plaques were issued, which used a total of 450 tons of bronze. 1,500 plaques were issued to commemorate women.

Carter Preston's winning design includes an image of Brittania holding a trident and standing with a lion. The designer's initials, E.CR,P,, appear above the front paw. In her outstretched left hand Britannia holds an olive wreath above the ansate [handled] tablet bearing the deceased's name cast in raised letters. The name does not include rank since there was to be no distiction between sacrifices made by different individuals.

Below the name table, to the right of the lion is an oak spray with acorns. Two dolphins swim around Britannia, symbolizing Britain's sea power, and at the bottom is a second lion tearing apart the German eagle.

The reverse is blank and the plaques were issued in a pack with a commemorative scroll from King George V, although sometimes the letter and scroll arrived first.

Enlistment Details

Service Number



Lewis George Brown

Born at

Wilmington SA


24 years [Birth dates were not recorded until late in the war]

Trade or Calling


Marital Status


Next of Kin

Mother - Mrs Elizabeth Brown
South Australia

Previous Military Service


Attested at

Adelaide, SA

Date of Enlistment

30 Sep 1915


5 foot 7½ inches [171.5cm]


136 pounds [62.7Kg]


34-36 inches [86.3cm-91.5cm]







Religious Denomination

Church of England


Allocated to 3rd Reinforcements, 32nd Battalion, 8th Brigade, 5th Division and assigned to D Company.
[His record seems to indicate that he was later allocated to the 4th Reinforcements, but he embarked with the 3rd.]

Chronological Events






Enlisted, allocated to E Coy, 2nd Depot Battalion AIF for training.

30 Mar 1915
31 Oct 1915


Transferred to A Company, 1st Depot Battalion AIF

1 Nov 1915


Embarked for the Middle East from Adelaide aboard His Majesty's Australian Transport (HMAT) "MILITARDES" (A28).

7 Feb 1916


Disembarked ex HMAT "MILITADES" at Suez

11 Mar 1916


To 8th Training Battalion

11 Mar 1918


Proceeded to join 32nd Battalion

1 Apr 1916



Taken on strength of 32nd Battalion

8 Apr 1916

Duntroon Plateau


Embarked from Middle East to join British Expeditionary Force, France aboard HMT "TRANSYLVANIA"

17 Jun 1916


Disembarked Marseilles ex HMT "TRANSYLVANIA"

23 Jun 1916


A misfiled copy of a hospital report, partly encoded, with no mention of L.G. Brown.

3 Jul 1916


Killed in Action (KIA).

19 Jul 1916


Buried in Eaton Hall Cemetery, 2¾ miles E(ast) of Laventie, 4½ miles S(outh)S(outh)W(est) of Armentieres. Map Sheet 36, square N.3.b.5.3. Rev F.G. Ward.

20 Jul 1916


A misfiled Casualty Form for Private Willie Gordon Croser of the 32nd Battalion appears in the file at this point. He was Killed in Action on 21 Jul 1916.

21 Jul 1916


Letter from Mrs Eliza G. Rosser to OIC Base Records, Melbourne

I am writing for the next of kin re a certificate of death for the Lodge for Private L.G. Brown, Regt No 2167, Reinf 3rd, Company "D", Battalion 32nd Inf. Being reported deceased on the 17th Jul 1916
I am. Yours


Stamped as received by Base Records 30 Aug 1916


Letter from Mrs Elizer G. Rosser, 4 Ballville St, Prospect, SA to OIC Base Records.

Dear Sir,
I am writing for my Aunt. Next of kin of Private L.G. Brown, No 2167, 3 Reinf, 32 Battalion
Reported killed on Jul 19th for the certificate of Death required for Lodge etc.

Will you kindly forward to the above address as Aunt is almost blind. Also, is there any likelihood of the lads things being sent on. If so where to. I am quite willing to pay any expenses to have them sent here or to any place I can get them.

And obliged [sic]


Stamped as received by Base Records 25 Oct 1916
'Lodge' refers to the International Order of Oddfellows which provided life insurance.


Form letter to Mrs Eliza Rosser from Base Records, Australian Imperial Force

Dear Madam,
I have to acknowledge receipt of your communication of (undated), and to inform you that the necessary offical confrming documents covering report of the death of No. 2167 Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion have not yet been received by this Department.
Your request, however, has been noted for compliance at the earliest possible date.
Yours faithfully


Note to Mrs E.G. Rosser, No 4 Ballville Street, PROSPECT, SA

Dear Madam,
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your communication of 23rd ultimo and enclose herewith, as requested, certificate of report of death of the late No. 2167, Pte L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion.
Yours faithfully,

1 Nov 1916

A copy of the report, with the same covering note was sent to the Secretary, International Order of Oddfellows, Matilda Street, Eastwood, SA.


Carbon copy of report of the death of the soldier which can be assumed to have been included with the correspondence to Mrs Rosser and the IOOF Secretary.

No. 2167
Private Lewis George Brown,
32nd Batalion,
Australian Imperial Force
was killed in action,
(no record available) 19th July 16
Cable No. C.I.B.I. 251, from the Commandant, A.I.F. Headquarters, dated London,
8th August 1916, confirmed by Mail from the Commandant, A.I.F.
Headquarters, dated London, 18th August 1916/
1st November 16   Major

1 Nov 1916


Letter to Mrs E. Brown, Wilmington, SA from OIC Base Records

Dear Madam,
With reference to the report of the regrettable [sic] loss of your son, the late No. 2167, Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion, I am now in receipt of advice which shows that he was killed in action in France, on the 19th July, 1916, and was buried in Eaton Hall Cemetery, 2¾ miles E. of Laventie, 4½ miles S.S.W. of Armentieres, Reference to Map, Sheet 36, Square N.3.b.5.3, the Rev. F.C. Ward officiating.

These additional details are furnished by direction, it being the policy of the Department to forrward all information received in connection with deaths of members of the Australian Imperial force.
Your faithfully

11 Jan 1917


Letter from Mrs E.G. Rosser (No 4 Ballville St, Prospect, SA on behalf of the family) to OIC Base Records

I am writing for the next of kin of Private L.G. Brown NO 2167 3d Reinforcements 32 Battalion, D Comp
Have any of the soldiers kits come through. WHen they do, I shold be please to stand any expense to have them sent through to the above address or to call any where for them
They informed me [how?] that they would most likely be over soon after Xmas. We are very anxious to secure them.
I remain,

16 Jan 1917

Endorsed with stamp "FORMAL ACKmt SENT 19/1/17"


Letter from EG Rosser (no 4 Ballville St, Prospect, SA, on behalf of the family) to OIC Base Records

Dear Sir or Madam,
I a writing for the next of kin of Private L.G. Brown, 2167, 32 Battalion.

Have his personal belongings come to hand yet. If so I would be so glad to have them. Will you notify me When [sic] they will be sent.

I remain,

8 Jun 1917


Letter from E.G. Rosser (No 4, Ballville St, Prospect, SA, on behalf of the family) to OIC Base Records

I wish to make an application for the next of kin of 2167 Pte L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion, D Company, th Infantry Brigade, killed on 19 July 1916 for a photo of his grave. I had written to his friend in France and he had sent on to England. They referrred us to Melbourne.

Can we have more than one! His mother, my aunt, is very old and not able to write. Will you please write to the above address and what expense is attached to it.


The letter continues overleaf:

Pte Brown made his home [?] with me. His parents live up the North. I give this information in case the photos are only granted to the parents.

I hope we will be able to get the photos of grave for we were unfortunate in not receiving any of his personal effects.

12 Aug 1919


Letter from OIC Base Records Office to E.G Rosser.

Dear Madam,
I have to acknowledge receipt of your communication of the 12th inst., and to state your request for a photograph (also for same on behalf of next-of-kin) of the grave of the late No.2167 Private L.G.Brown, 32nd Battalion, has been referred to A.I.F. Headquarters, London, for compliance if possible.
Yours faithfully,

22 Aug 1919


An undated file note endorsed
"Ext. from folder of photo of grave
No. 2167, Pte L.G.Brown, 32nd Bn
Buried Rue Petillon Mi. Cem. Plot 2. Row D. Grave 33."


Refers to the next item.


Letter from Mrs E Brown to OIC Base Records

Dear Sir,
The photoes [sic] of my son Pte L.G. Brown. reached me this morning and I am delighted with them and so grateful for them I would esteem it a favour if you would let tme have another four so that all the members of my family will have one I am enclosing 4 stamps for remainder [?]
Yours respectfully,

The letter is marked overleaf with a notation acknowledging receipt of the stamps and the number of the receipt issued, together with signature and date received (29 April) and a notation "Listed for London 'April 1921'".

22 Apr 1921


Mother, Mrs Elizabeth Brown signs receipt for three copies of a photograph of the grave of the late 2167 Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion.

23 Apr 1921


Letter from OC Base Records to Mrs E Brown, Wilmington S.A.

Dear Madam
I have to acknowledge receipt of your communication of the 22nd April forwarding remittance for four additional photographs of the grave of your son, the late No 2167 Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion, and to state same has been referred to London, for compliance. Official receipt for remittance is attached hereto.

Yours faithfully M.

3 May 1921


Letter from OIC Base Records, Melbourne to Mrs E. Brown

Dear Madam
It is noted that you are registered on the records of the late No 2167 Private L.G. BROWN, 32nd Battalion as next of kin, but in order that the instructions under the "Deceased Soldiers Estate Act 1918" may be properly complied with when disposing of War Medals, &c., I shall be glad to learn whether there are any nearer blood relations than yourself to the above-named, for instance, is the father still alive, if so I shall be much obliged for his name and address at your earliest convenience.

The provisions of a Will have no bearing upon the distribution of Medals unless they are specifically mentioned therein, such mementos being handed over in the following order of relationship, unless good and sufficient reasons for varying the procedure are stated:-
Widow, eldest surviving son, eldest surviving daughter, father, mother, eldest surviving brother, eldest surviving sister, eldest surviving half brother, eldest surviving half-sister.

Thanking you in anticipation of the favour of an early reply.
Yours faithfully

8 Nov 1921


Letter from mother, Mrs Elizabeth Brown to OIC Base Records.

Sir, I beg to inform you that [the father] of the late Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion's Address is Charles Brown, Melrose Terrace, Wilmington, S.A.

They [sic] are four sisters and two brothers still living.

I Remain Your Obt. Servant
Mrs E Brown.

15 Nov 1921

Endorsed by OIC Base Records "War Medals Etc to father."


Mother, Elizabeth Brown, signs receipt for four copies of photographs of the grave of her late son, 2167 Pte L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion.

22 Dec 1921


Father, Charles Brown signs receipt for the issue of the British War Medal of his son from 4th Military District (South Australia).

4 Jan 1922


Father, Charles Brown signs receipt for the Victory Medal of his son from 4th Military District (South Australia).

24 Feb 1922

Or possibly 1923, the date is almost indecipherable.


Father, Charles Brown, signs receipt for the Memorial Plaque and King's Message in connexion [sic] with No. 2167 Pte. L.G. Brown. 32nd Battalion

2 Aug 1922


Letter to Mr C Brown, Melrose Terrace, Wilmington, SA from Officer in Charge, Base Records, Melbourne

Dear Sir,

With further reference to the report of burial of your son, the late No.2167 Private L.G. Brown, 32nd Battaion, I am now in receipt of advice from the Imperial War Graves Commission that in order to conform with the uniform layout of the Rue Petillon Military Cemetery, France, it has been found necessary to amend certain former grave registrations, and in consequence the site of the late soldier's final resting place has since been allotted:-

Plot 1. Row L. Grave 51.

where a permanent headstone of uniform design will be erected and engraved with his full regimental particulars and date of death, together with any verse or epitaph previously submitted in the form of a personal inscription.

It is desired to point out tht notwithstanding the above alteration the actual place of burial remains unchanged.

Yours faithfully,

3 Aug 1925


Father, Charles Brown, signs receipt for the Memorial Scroll and King's Message in connexion [sic] with the late 2167 Pte L.G. Brown, 32nd Battalion.

22 Dec

As the previous receipt for the same item is clearly dated 2 Aug 1922, this could either be a duplicate issue or indicative of a lost receipt.

Medals and Dress Embellishments

British War Medal 1914-1920, not entitled to 1914-15 Star, as although he enlisted in 1915 he did not serve in a declared war zone until 1916, but entitled to Victory Medal.

Not entitled to wear the ANZAC 'A'.

No Wound Stripes.

One Long Service Stripes and one Overseas Service Chevrons.

Use the hyperlinks or scroll down to see further information on the badges.

Background - Infantry Battalions

[Based on information in Redcoats to Cams, Ian Kuring.]

In December 1914, battalions of about 1000 men were organised into eight companies each divided into half of 60 men and then into two sections of around 30 men. Command was highly centralised with companies commanded by a Captain, half-companies by Lieutentants and sections by a Sergeant.

In early 1915 Australia reduced the number of Companies to four, but doubled their size to more than 220 men. Each rifle company had a headquarters and four platoons. Each platoon had a headquarters and four rifle sections of 10 men commanded by corporals.

From early 1916 light machineguns replaced medium machine guns and were eventually issued to each rifle platoon.

During 1917 rifle platoons were reorganised to have a light machine gun section, a rifle grenade section, a hand grenade/bombing section and a rifle assault section.

By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion.

Rifle, Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III
Rifle, Small Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III with sword bayonet

32nd Battalion, 8th Brigade, 5th Divison

[Information from http://awm.gov.au]


The 32nd Battalion was raised as part of the 8th Brigade at Mitcham, on the outskirts of Adelaide, on 9 August 1915. Only two companies were raised from South Australian enlistees - another two were formed in Western Australia and joined the battalion at the end of September. The battalion sailed from Adelaide on 18 November 1915.

The 8th Brigade joined the newly raised 5th Australian Division in Egypt, and proceeded to France, destined for the Western Front, in June 1916. The 32nd Battalion fought its first major battle at Fromelles on 19 July 1916, having only entered the front-line trenches 3 days previously. The attack was a disastrous introduction to battle for the 32nd -' it suffered 718 casualties, almost 75 per cent of the battalion's total strength, but closer to 90 per cent of its actual fighting strength. Although it still spent periods in the front line, the 32nd played no major offensive role for the rest of the year.

In early 1917, the German Army withdrew to the Hindenburg Line allowing the British front to be advanced and the 32nd Battalion participated in the follow-up operations. The battalion subsequently missed the heavy fighting to breach the Hindenburg Line during the second battle of Bullecourt as the 8th Brigade was deployed to protect the division's flank. The only large battle in 1917 in which the 32nd Battalion played a major role was Polygon Wood, fought in the Ypres sector in Belgium on 26 September.

Unlike some AIF battalions, the 32nd had a relatively quiet time during the German Spring Offensive of 1918 as the 5th Division was largely kept in reserve. The Allies launched their own offensive with the battle of Amiens on 8 August, in which the 32nd Battalion participated. It was subsequently involved in the operations that continued to press the retreating Germans through August and into September. The 32nd fought its last major action of the war between 29 September and 1 October when the 5th and 3rd Australian Divisions and two American divisions attacked the Hindenburg Line across the top of the 6-kilometre-long St Quentin Canal tunnel; the canal was a major obstacle in the German defensive scheme.

The 32nd was resting and retraining out of the line when the war ended on 11 November 1918. On 8 March 1919, after the gradual repatriation of men to Australia, the remnants of the 32nd Battalion were merged with the 30th Battalion.

Battle Honours:

Albert 1918, Amiens, Ancre 1918, Bapaume, Bullecourt, Egypt 1915-16, France and Flanders 1916-18, Hindenburg Line, Menin Road, Mont St Quentin, Passchendaele, Poelcappelle, Polygon Wood, Somme 1916-1918, St Quentin Canal, Ypres 1917

1914-15 Star

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
1914-15 Star

The decoration consists of a four-pointed star in bright bronze as shown, with the date 1914-15 on the central scroll. The reverse is plain, and is stamped with the name and unit of the recipient. The ribbon is red, white and blue, shaded and watered, worn with the red nearest the centre of the breast. It is atached to the medal through a ring.

It is similar in shape and description to the 1914 Star, to which few, if any, Australians were entitled. Those entitled were those who had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914.

The decoration, sanctioned in 1918, was issued "to all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others eployed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined in Appendix 'A'. Individuals in possession of the 1914 Star will not be eligible for the award of this decoration."

Appendix 'A' included the Western, Eastern, Egyptian, African, Asiatic and Australasian Theatres of war, with commencement dates individual to countries and campaigns.

British War Medal 1914-20

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
British War Medal

This medal was approved by King George V in 1919 to record the bringing of the war to a successful conclusion and the arduous services rendered by His Majesty's Forces.

The medal, which is supended from its ribbon by means of a straight clasp, without swivel, bears on the obverse the effigy of His Majesty - exactly similar to that on a half-crown - with the legend 'Georgivus V : Omn : Rex et Ind : Imp'.

The reverse bears a design which represents St George on horseback, trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers and a skull and crossbones, the emblems of death. Overhead is the risen sun of victory. The male figure, rather than a symbolical female one, was chosen because man had borne the brunt of the fighting. The figure was mounted on horseback as symbolical of man's mind controlling force (represented by the horse) of far greater strength than his own. The design is thus also symbolical of the mechanical and scientific appliances which helped so largely to win the war.

The ribbon has a orange watered centre with stripes of white and black at each side and with borders of royal blue. It is stated that the colours have no particular signification.

Victory Medal

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]

This medal, of bronze, bears on the obverse a winged figure of Victory, full length in the middle of the medal and full face; the borders and the backgound plain, without either incription or date. On the reverse is an inscription. "The Great War for Civilization." and either the names of the different Allied and Associated Powers, or their coats of arms.

The rim is plain, and the medal hangs from a ring. The ribbon is red in the centre, with green and violet on either side shaded to form the colours of two rainbows.

It has also been approved that any officer or man who has been "mentioned in despatches" shall wear a small bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal. Only one oak leaf is so worn, no matter how many "mentions" the wearer may have received.

The medal is designed to obviate the exchange of Allied Commemorative war medals, and is issued only to those who actually served on the establishment of a unit or ship in a theatre of war. [This is an important distinction, as those Australians who served only in Australia, or only in Australia and England, were not entitled to the award.]

The Rising Sun Badge

This version of the Rising Sun Badge was worn by soldiers of the 1st and 2nd Australian Imperial Forces, and the badge has become an integral part of the Digger tradition.

Worn on the the upturned brim of the slouch hat, it is readily identified with the spirit of ANZAC.

There are a number of versions of the genesis of the badge, the most widely accepted being that it derived from a Trophy of Arms - various swords and bayonets mounted on  a semi-circular display in Victoria Barracks, Melbourne.

The original version worn in South Africa was modified in 1904 and worn by Australian soldiers through two World Wars.

Later changes were made to the style of the crown and the wording on the scroll. The "King's Crown" is the one shown to the left, while arches of the "Queen's Crown" rise at the same angle as the base of the crown, curve at their highest point to a level mid-way on the orb below the cross and then down to below the orb.

In 1949 the scroll was changed to read "Australian Military Forces".

In 1969 the badge was modified to incorporate the 7-pointed Federation Star with a central Queen's crown over the Torse Wreath (a twisted roll of fabric) from the original 1902 version, and the scroll wording changed to "Australia".

In the 75th anniversary year of the the ANZAC landings at Gallipoli, there was a drive to return to traditional accoutrements worn by Australian soldiers during the World Wars, which clearly identify the Australian Army. The Queen's crown returned to its central position and the scroll now reads "The Australian Army'.



The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.

The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17. Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.

Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916. (slightly amended for layout)

Wound Stripes

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :

    Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches [2.5cm] in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

    In the case of officers, the lower end of the first strip of gold braid will be immediately above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

    Warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men will wear the gold braid on the left forearm sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be three inches from the bottom of the sleeve.

    Subsequent occasions on which wounded, will be placed on either side of the original one at half inch interval.

    Gold braid and sews will be obtained free on indent from the Army Ordnance Department; the sewing on will be carried out regimentally without expense to the public.

Long Service Badges

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]
Long Service Badges
A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917 (slightly amended for layout)

The question of the issue of a badge to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

    The badge will consist of an inverted single chevron of service braid to be worn on the left forearm - the point of the chevron to be 3 inches [7.6cm] above the edge of the cuff.

    Warrant and non-commissioned officers and men, will be eligible for the badge, which will not carry an increased pay or allowance.

    One chevron will be worn for each complete year's service in the Australian Imperial Force from the date of embarkation in Australia.

    No badge will be issued to any man who, during the 12 months, has incurred a regimental entry (i.e. an entry involving forfeiture of pay) in his sheet.

    Time absent from the unit in hospital or elsewhere on account of wounds or sickness, not the result of misconduct, will count as service towards earning the badge.

    A man in possession of a badge will forfeit same on being convicted of any offence involving a forfeiture of pay , but will be eligible to regain the badge after 6 months good conduct, from the date of forfeiture.

    The illegal wearing of this badge will be a crime under A.A. Section 40.

Overseas Service Chevrons

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, January 1918 (Slightly amended for layout)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

    Chevrons of two colours have been approved.

      The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red.

      If earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue.

      All additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

    The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch [0.63cm] in width, the arms 4 inches [10.2cm] long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm:

    In the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch [2.5cm] above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

    In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches [10.2cm] above the bottom edge of the sleeve.

    The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

    In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.

Some Government Issued Badges

Nearest Female
Relative Badge

War Widows
Guild Brooch

Silver War Badge

Discharged Returned
Soldier Badge

Government issued badge in enamel and sterling silver issued to the wife, mother or nearest female relative of a serving soldier. Additional bars were suspended below for further individuals.

Membership badge of a Kookaburra in sterling silver, issued by the Government to the widows of men who lost their lives due to their service. Numbered on the reverse.

Awarded to service personnel who sustained a wound, or contracted sickness of disability in the course of the war as a result of which they were invalided out, or to soldiers who had retired during the course of the war.

First issued in 1916. Slight variations are indicative of a number of makers. 267,300 were issued. Numbered on the reverse but the numbers have no link with length of service or Service Number.

[Badge information collated from Australian War Memorial, "Australians Awarded" by Clive Johnson and en.wikipedia.com]