Abbreviations in Australian World War 1 Military Records

2LT Second Lieutenant - Commander of a Platoon or equivalent sized unit [See also LT]
A/ Acting, Assistant - eg Acting Corporal, Assistant Adjutant
A/A, A-A, AA Anti-Aircraft (Battery, Regiment etc)
ALROC or LROC [Australian] Light Rail Operating Company
ABGROC or BGROC [Australian] Broad Gauge Railway Operating Company
ABDO Abdomen/Abdominal
ADBD Australian Division Base Depot - Numbered in accordance with the Division
AGBD Australian General Base Depot
AIBD Australian Infantry Base Depot
AIEF Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force
AIF Australian Imperial Force
AAH Australian Auxilliary Hospital
AAMC Australian Army Medical Corps
ACC Accident, Accidental
ACH Australian Convalencent Hospital
ADH Australian Dermatological Hospital
ADJ, ADJT Adjutant - Administrative officer in a unit
AGH Australian General Hospital
AM Albert Medal - Imperial Medal for Life Saving, in Gold (1st Class) or Bronze (Second Class), awarded for either Land or Sea and later replaced by the George Cross or George Medal to those still living. The modern Australian equivalent is the Cross of Valour (CV)
AMP Amputated
AMT Coy Australian Motor Transport Company
AN&MEF Australian Navy and Military Expeditionary Force - The volunteer force sent in 1915 to German New Guinea and the to seize German property and possessions, destroy German wireless installations and act as an occupying force for the duration of the war.
ANZAC Australian and New Zealand Army Corps
AOC Army Ordnance Corps
AOR At Own Request
ASC Army Service Corps
AVC Army Veterinary Corps
AWL, AWOL Absent Without Leave
BAR Bar - A medal awarded more than once, e.g. two awards of the MC are known as MC and Bar.
BATT, BTN, BN Battalion - An infantry unit of up to four companies and an administrative headquarters, generally commanded by a LT COL
BDR Bombardier - Artillery rank equivalent to Corporal.
BEF British Expeditionary Force
BGROC Broad Gauge Rail Operating Company
BRIG 1. Brigadier or Brigadier-General - The commander of a Brigade or higher formation
2. Brigade - A formation of 3 or 4 Infantry Battalions with supporting arms and services.
BRIT British
CAPT Captain - Second in command of a company or acting company commander
CB Confined to Barracks - Confinement to Barracks when not in the field was a punishment which permitted soldiers to perform their usual duties during normal work hours, but required them to report every hour, on the hour from 6:00am to start of work, at lunch time and between cessation of work and 10:00pm. It included morning and evening periods of drill on the parade ground and reporting in different forms of dress at different times.
CCS Casualty Clearing Station
CdeG Croix de Guerre - French gallantry award
C in C Commander in Chief - Commander in a theatre of war
CO Commanding Officer - of a battalion or equivalent unit [See also OC]
COMD 1. Commander
2. Command - Geographical area of military control within Australia
CO, COY Company- Sub-unit of a battalion, commanded by a Major or Captain.
COL Colonel - Senior staff office or Commander of a brigade
CORP, CPL Corporal - Commander of a section of 10 or so soldiers
CPT 1. Captured
2. Captain
CQMS Company Quartermaster Sergeant - Staff sergeant, second highest ranking NCO in a Company
CSM Company Sergeant Major - Warrant officer class 2, the highest ranking NCO in a company
C'TOWN Capetown, South Africa
CYC BN Cyclist Battalion
DAC Divisional Ammunition Column
DAH Defective Aorta Heart
DCM Distinguished Conduct Medal - Level 2 Imperial award for solders up to the rank of Warrant Officer. The modern Australian equivalent is the Star of Gallantry (SG).
DEF Defective
DISCH Discharge, Discharged
DIS Disembarked
DIV Division - Formation consisting of three brigades plus supporting arms and services
DOA Died of Accident
DOI Died of Illness or injury
DOW Died of Wounds
DRO Daily Routine Orders
DSO Distinguished Service Order - Level 2 Imperial award for officers. T.
DTN Detention
DUS Depot Unit Supply
DVR Driver - Rank equivalent to Private
EEF Egyptian Expeditionary Force
EC, E.C. E Comd etc Eastern Command (Also known as 2 MD)
ENG England
ENGR Engineers
EVAC Evacuated, Evacuation
FAB Field Artillery Brigade
FCE Field Company Engineers
FD Field
FP1, FP2 Field Punishment No 1 or No 2 - Field punishment was an award by a commanding officer or court martial for an offence committed on active service. FP1 consisted of heavy labouring duties whilst restrainedin handcuffs or fetters and being tied to a post or wheel. FP2 did not involve attachment to a fixed object.
FM Field Marshal - Highest officer rank
FRACT Fractured
GEN General - Commander of an Army
GNR Gunner - Artillery rank equivalent to Private
GOC General Officer Commanding
GSW Gunshot Wound
HMAT His Majesty's Australian Transport - Troop ship
HMT His Majesty's Transport - British as opposed to Australian
HQ Headquarters
HS Hospital Ship
ICC Imperial Camel Corps
IHL Incarceration and Hard Labour
IMP 1. Imperial 2. Imprisoned
INJ Injured - As oppposed to wounded
KIA Killed in Action
LBS Pounds weight (450gm)
LCPL, L/CPL Lance Corporal - Second in Command of a Section
Ld'H Legion d'Honneur - French gallantry award, with a number of diffefrent levels.
L of C Line of Communications - the route that connects an operating military unit with its supply base.
LMG Light Machinegun - belt or magazine-fed automatic section weapon, capable of firing bursts of multiple rounds as long as the trigger is pressed, normally supported by a bipod. (See also MG,SMG)
LROC Light Rail Operating Company
LSGT, L/SGT Lance Sergeant - A Corporal as the temporary 2IC of a Platoon, but wearing the same three stripes as a Sergeant
LTCOL, LT COL Lieutenant Colonel - Commander of a battalion or equivalent unit
LT, LIEUT Lieutenant - Commander of a platoon [See also 2LT]
LTGEN, LT GEN Lieutenant General - Commander of a Corps of two or three Divisions
LTMB Light Trench Mortar Battery
MAJ Major - Commander of a company or equivalent unit
MAJ GEN Major General - Commander of a Division of three Brigades
MC Military Cross - Level 3 Imperial award for junior officers and warrant officers. The modern Australian equivalent is the Medal for Gallantry (MG).
MD Military District, as under:
1 MD Queensland
plus Casino, Lismore and Grafton [from NSW] and NT
2 MD New South Wales
less Casino, Lismore, Grafton [to NSW], Broken Hill Torrowangee and Silverton [to SA], Corowa, South Corowa, Mulwala, Moama, Mathoura and Deniliquin [to VIC], plus Wodonga, Barnawartha, Chiltern and Tallangatta [from VIC]
3 MD Victoria
less Wodonga, Barnawartha, Chiltern and Tallangatta [to NSW], plus Corowa, South Corowa, Mulwala, Moama, Mathoura and Deniliquin [from NSW]
4 MD South Australia
plus Broken Hill, Torrowangee and Silverton [from NSW]
5 MD Western Australia
6 MD Tasmania
7 MD After WW1, Papua New Guinea was ceded to Australia and added as the 7th Military District
MEF Mediterranian Expeditionary Force
MG Machine gun, Machinegun - belt-fed automatic small-arm capable of firing bursts of multiple rounds as long as the trigger is pressed, normally fired from a tripod or bipod, can be water-cooled. (See also LMG, SMG)
MGB Machine Gun Battalion
MGC Machine Gun Company
MM Military Medal - Level three Imperial award for soldiers and Warrant Officers. The modern Australian equivalent is the Medal for Gallantry (MG).
MIA Missing in Action
MID Mentioned in Despatches - Level four Imperial award for all ranks, not used as a postnominal. The modern Australian equivalent is the Commendation for Gallantry or Distinguished Service.
MSM Meritorious Service Medal - Imperial award made rarely for gallantry, more often for efficient/effective service. The modern Australian equivalent is the Conspicuous Servuce Cross (CSC) or the Conspicuous Service Medal (CSM)
MTC Mechanised Transport Company
MU Medically Unfit
NC, N.C. N Comd etc Northern Command (Also known as 1 MD)
NEG Negligent, Negligently
NAB Not Available
NTH North
NZEF New Zealand Expeditionary Force
OBE Order of the British Empire - Imperial honour granted to officers for gallantry, but more often for effective/efficient service and colloquially known by Australian soldiers as "Other Bastards Efforts". The modern Australian equivalent is an award in the Order of Australia.
OC Officer Commanding - a Company sized unit or subunit
OIC Officer in Charge - Generally in respect of an administrative unit
OTB Overseas Training Battalion
OZ Ounces weight (28.35gm)
PNR Assault Pioneer - latterly, the soldiers acting as engineers within a Battalion, but as a unit, engineers more often associated with offensive action such as minelaying
POW Prisoner of War
PTE Private - base rank in the Army
PREV Previously
PS Penal Servitude
PUO Pyrexia [Fever] of unknown origin. Also known as 'Trench Fever'
QM Quartermaster - normally a Captain in a Battalion
QMS Quartermaster Sergeant - normally a Staff Sergeant within a Company. See also CQMS, RQMS
RAN Royal Australian Navy
RANR Royal Australian Navy Reserve
REC 1. Recruit - soldier undergoing basic training after enlistment
2. Records: unit, personnel, medical, financial etc
RFTS Reinforcements
RN Royal Navy
RNR Royal Navy Reserve
RQMS Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant - normally a WO2 or WO1 in a battalion or similar sized unit.
RTA Return to Australia
RPM Rounds per Minute
RTD Returned to Duty
RSM Regimental Sergeant Major - WO1, the highest non-commissioned rank within a Battalion
RTE Returned to England
S/A Served As
SAN Sanitation
SECT Section - A squad of 8-12 men commanded by a Corporal, where there are three or four sections to a Platoon
SDN, SQN Squadron - Cavalry/Light Horse and later, Armoured Corps equivalent of a Company
SGH Stationary General Hospital
SGT Sergeant or Sergent - Second in command of a Platoon
SSGT,S/SGT Staff Sergeant - Occasionally seen as Colour Sergeant, second highest ranking NCO in a company, generally the QMS
SIG Signals, Signaller - equivalent to Private
SIW Self Inflicted Wound
SMG Sub-machine gun - Hand-held, magazine-fed weapon capable of firing bursts of multiple rounds as long as the trigger is pressed. (See also LMG, MG)
SMLE Small Magazine Lee Enfield .303in Rifle 1910-1960
SNLR Services No Longer Required - generally applied to soldiers whose disciplinary lapses made them an administrative liability
SPR Sapper - Engineer rank equivalent to Private
SQN Squadron - Cavalry, Light Horse and later Armoured Corps and SAS equivalent of a Company
SS 1. Shell Shock - Now identified as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder spectrum
2. Steam Ship
STH South
SW Shrapnel wound - from a bomb, mortar or high explosive artillery shell
T/ Temporary - e.g. T/Corporal
TB Tuberculosis
TOS Taken on Strength - The point at which a member officially joined a unit for the purposes of discipline, rations, accommodation, equipment etc. Under some circumstance, members of other units were taken on strength for the purposes of rationing and accommodation only.
TPR Trooper - Cavalry, Light Horse and later Armoured Corps and Special Air Service equivalent to Private
TRG Training
TS Transport Ship, Troop Ship
VAD Ventricular Aorta Dysfunction
VC Victoria Cross - Level one award for gallantry, all ranks. The modern Australian equivalent is the Victoria Cross for Australia (VC).
VD 1. Volunteer Decoration 2. Venereal Disease
VET Vetinary
WIA Wounded in Action
WO1 Warrant Officer Class 1 - Regimental Sergeant Major or equivalent in other units/trades
WO2 Warrant Officer Class 2 - Company Sergeant Major or equivalent in other units/trade