WW1 Australian Army Rank Structures

Introduction

I have only shown Army ranks at this time. Should I eventually add any Navy personnel to the records, I will extend this table. Australian Flying Corps personnel were part of the AIF, wearing Army rank and the eight AFC Squadrons were attached to the British Royal Flying Corps/Royal Air Force formations.

Other Ranks

The rank of Lance Sergeant is an appointment to provide status to a Corporal acting in the capacity of a Sergeant within the Infantry Battalions where absences due to illness or wounds was common. They wore the same three stripes as a Sergeant, but were appointed by the Commanding Officer who could rescind the appointment whenever necessary whereas a sergeant promoted substantively can only be stripped of rank by a Court Martial. The rank is no longer used.

The Lance Sergeant was a formal rank in the Light Horse Regiments and was the senior sergeant who literally held the lance bearing the brigade pennant. The appointment no longer exists.

  I have included the group titles which evolved over time, and while they seem complex there is a logic to it which enables specific rank groups to be quickly and specifically designated.

No Insignia
Recruit
(REC)
Rank and File
Other Ranks
No Insignia
Private1
PTE
Lance Corporal
LCPL or L/CPL
Junior
Non-Commissioned
Officers
(JNCO)
Non-Commissioned
Officers
(NCO)
Corporal
CPL
Lance Sergeant
LSGT or L/SGT
Senior
Non-Commissioned
Officers
(SNCO)
Sergeant
SGT
Staff Sergeant2
SSGT or S/SGT
Phased out in the modern era
Warrant Officer
Class 2
WO2
Warrant Officers
Warrant Officer
Class 1 3 4
WO1

1.    Equivalent ranks include Craftsman (CFN), Driver (DVR), Gunner (GNR), Pioneer (PNR), Sapper (SPR), Signaller (SIG) and Trooper (TPR).

2.    Sometimes seen as Colour Sergeant. Phased out in modern era.

3.    WO1 Rank insignia up until the early 1970s was the British Coat of Arms ('Galloping Horses'), when it was replaced by the Australian Coat of Arms with the Kangaroo and Emu.

4.    An addition rank of Regimental Sergeant Major of the Army has been appointed in the modern era, the badge of rank being the Australian Coat of Arms surrounded by a wreath of wattle. Navy and Army have equivalent ranks, and there is only one person of that rank in each service at any given time.


Commissioned Officers

The grouping of officers has changed over time as warfare has changed, and the following represents the current situation.

Images are from Wikipedia. Brigadier-General rank insignia during WW1 and following, was the crossed sword and baton alone,but after dropping the "General" appellation, the rank now has three lozenges (or "pips" as they are generally known), in a triangular array surmounted by a crown.

Being under training, Officer Cadets are not yet commissioned officers.

No Field Marshal has been apppointed since Sir Thomas Blamey GBE,KCB,DSO,CStJ,ED, 8 Jun  1950 who received his baton at his bedside at Heidelburg Repatriation Hospital where he died on 27 May 1951.

NAVY

ARMY

AIR FORCE

NATO

AUS/US

OFFICER CADET


Abbrev - OCDT   Grade - Trainee
NONE
O-0
STAFF CADET



Abbrev -SCDT   Grade - Trainee
NONE
O-0
SECOND LIEUTENANT



Abbr - 2LT AKA O1   Grade - Subaltern
Phased out in the modern era
OF-1
O-1
LIEUTENANT



Abbrev - LT AKA O2   Grade - Subaltern
OF-1
O2
CAPTAIN



Abbrev - CAPT AKA - 03   Grade - Subaltern
OF-2
O-3
MAJOR



Abbrev - MAJ, AKA - O4   Grade - Field Officer
OF-3
O-4
LIEUTENANT COLONEL



Abbrev - LTCOL, AKA - O5   Grade - Field Officer
OF-4
O-5
COLONEL


Abbrev - COL   Grade - Senior Officer
OF-5
O-6
BRIGADIER GENERAL


Abbrev - BRIG GEN   Grade - General Officer
Rank phased out in the modern era
NONE
NONE
BRIGADIER



Abbrev - BRIG   Grade - Senior Officer
AKA - One Star   Note altered insignia
OF-6
O-7
MAJOR GENERAL



Abbrev - MAJ GEN   Grade - General Officer AKA - Two Star
OF-7
O-8
LIEUTENANT GENERAL



Abbrev -LT GEN   Grade - General Officer
AKA - Three Star
OF-8
O-9
GENERAL



Abbrev - GEN   Grade - General Officer
AKA Four Star
OF-9
O-10
FIELD MARSHAL



Abbrev - GEN   Grade - General Officer
AKA Five Star
OF-10
O-11