7356 Private Gilbert Harding [WIA DOW]
3rd Battalion,
1st Division
1st Australian Imperial Force

This file last updated 1 September, 2023 16:21


Private Gilbert Harding
Photograph from Australian War Memorial

The following information and chronological table are a summary of the entries from the World War One service record of Gilbert Harding.

This record is remarkably sparse up to the date of his death. As an older man, he could be expected to be more stable than his younger companions, and this is evidenced by lack of disciplinary or medical events.

Prepared for Tony Strong by Clive Mitchell-Taylor, 6 Sep 2018.

View Gilbert Harding's Service Record Part 1, and and Part 2. Embarkation Roll, Nominal Roll, Commonwealth War Grave Report, or Roll of Honour,

Abbreviations and Acronyms

Abbreviations or acronyms which have a dotted underline can be expanded by moving the cursor over the term - e.g. WIA. The cursor will be replaced by ? and the expanded abbreviation will be displayed. This is gradually being incorporated into the site, replacing the the current expansion of abbreviations. There may be a discernable delay of about a second before the expansion is first provided.

There is also a separate list of abbreviations which is available through the menu at the top of this page or the hyperlink here.  Abbreviations are inconsistent, even within a single occurence where a term is abbreviated.

There are a number of sources for tracing abbreviations used in Australian and New Zealand service records. Those used when operating with the British or US forces can generally be found, especially in World War 1. Abbreviations used solely within Australia in WW2 are most difficult to trace, particularly when they are regional. Sometimes a 'best guess' is the only answer.

Duplicated Pages

Some of the service information may appear to be duplicated although individual occurrences are not in the same order and different abbreviations used. This occurs when the unit and Army records are amalgamated upon discharge or death in Service.

Service Numbers

Service numbers in WW1 were unique to the unit (e.g. Battalion) or Corps (e.g. Artillery). In WW2 Service Numbers were unique to the State in which they were allotted. For further information about identity numbers for Service personnel, see Regimental and Service Numbers

Dates of Occurrence and Reporting

The date of reporting an incident may be hours, days or months after the date on which incident actually occurred.

The original service record is amended only when the incident is reported which means that events are not necessarily recorded in in strict chronological sequence. This is the date shown on the left of the page of the original record, and also on the left in my transcription but readers should note that at times there may be no date of reporting at all, particularly when service personel are repatriated for discharge at the end of hostilities.

To assist the reader, when transcribing the military record I have done my best to record events in their chronological sequence. This is date is on the right of the page of the original record and also on the right in my transcription.

For clarity I have transcribed all dates into the format d MMM yyyy.

Memorial Plaques

Memorial Plaque - Thomas James Shepherd
Image courtesy of Mark Franzi, grand nephew of Thomas

Memorial Plaques were issued after the First World War to the next-of-kin of all British Empire service personnel who were killed as a result of war.

The plaques are 120mm in diameter, were cast in bronze and came to be know as the "Dead Man's Penny" because of the similarity in appearance to the much smaller penny coin.

1,355,00 plaques were issued, which used a total of 450 tons of bronze. 1,500 plaques were issued to commemorate women.

Carter Preston's winning design includes an image of Brittania holding a trident and standing with a lion. The designer's initials, E.CR,P,, appear above the front paw. In her outstretched left hand Britannia holds an olive wreath above the ansate [handled] tablet bearing the deceased's name cast in raised letters. The name does not include rank since there was to be no distiction between sacrifices made by different individuals.

Below the name table, to the right of the lion is an oak spray with acorns. Two dolphins swim around Britannia, symbolizing Britain's sea power, and at the bottom is a second lion tearing apart the German eagle.

The reverse is blank and the plaques were issued in a pack with a commemorative scroll from King George V, although sometimes the letter and scroll arrived first.

Enlistment Details

Service Number



Gilbert Harding

Born at

Paramatta, County of Cumberland, NSW


36 years and 7 months as at 3 Feb 1917 [as at enlistment date, - birth dates not actually recorded]

Trade or Calling




British Subject

Natural Born

Marital status


Next of Kin

Wife - Edith Harding, Kanwal via Wyong, NSW

Ever convicted by the Civil Power


Previous Military Service


Ever rejected as unfit for Service


Discharged with Ignomony


Attested at

Sydney, NSW

Date of Enlistment

3 Feb 1917


5 foot 8½ inches [174 cm]


146 pounds [66.4 Kg]


38-40 inches [96.5 - 101.5 cm]







Religious Denomination

C of E

Distinguishing marks

Scar right knee, scar left knee, Mole left shoulder
Moles (2) below left shoulder blade,Moles (2) above buttocks (left)


24th Reinforcements to 3rd Battalion

Chronological Events

Rank Description Date Remarks


Initial assessment and allocation

19 Mar 1917 -
21 Mar 1917

At Royal Agricultural Show Ground, Sydney


Recruit Training at Ingleburn
Allotted to G Company, 1st Infantry Depot Battalion

21 Mar 1917 -
14 Apr 17



Allocated to 24th Reinforcements to 3rd Infantry Battalion

14 Apr 1917



Embarked at Melbourne, Victoria per HMAT "CLAN MACGILLIVRAY" (A46) with 24/3 Battalion as Private

10 May 1917

Her Majesty's Army Transport (HMAT)


Disembarked Plymouth, UK

28 Jul 1917



Marched in to 1st Training Battalion, Durrington, England

28 Jul 1917



Proceeded overseas to France from Southampton

20 Nov 1917


Marched in to 1st Australian Division Base Depot (1 ADBD)

21 Nov 1917



Marched out to unit

23 Nov 1917



Taken onto strength of 3rd Battalion from Reinforcements

26 Nov 1917



Wounded in Action (WIA), shrapnel wounds to legs, arm and head
Admitted to 3rd Field Ambulance
Transferred to 53rd Casualty Clearing Station

14 Aug 1918

Shrapnel wound are generally inflicted by High Explosive Anti-Personel artillery shells or grenades (bombs). There are no reports of close combat involving grenades on the day, and the cause is later confirmed to be an artillery shell.


3rd Battalion Commander's Diary for 14 Aug 1918

Day fine. Visibility good. Our patrols were active. LT J.R. BAIRD - C Coy and 3 men whilst reconnoitering old trenches at H2D1 came upon a party of 20 of the enemy who were talking together at the entrance of a dug-out. One of the [enemy] party was shot and bombs thrown amongst the remainder. Heavy enemy MG2 fire was brought to bear on our patrol which was forced to return to our own lines. It is not known how many of the enemy party was killed by bomb though it is thought a good many as the target presented to bomb was quite a good one. At 6:30pm LT E. HANKSHAW and 10 men patrolled from S2D88 to S2D98.03 and found evidence of recent enemy occupation.

Our Artillery was only moderately active. Aeroplanes were active as were those of the enemy. Enemy planes were able to patrol well into our own sector before being engaged by our own AA3 Batteries whilst our planes were engaged by enemy AA fire before crosssing our own front line. Our MG and sniper were active. MGs dispersed an enemy wiring party. An enemy relief is suspected to have taken place5.
Casualties   7    Strength of Battalion forward6
Officers 24     Other Ranks,4 ?10 [either 310 or 510]
Strength of Bn7   30 Officers 634 OR

14 Aug 1918

1.  Coded map reference
2.  Machine Gun
3.  Anti-Aircraft
4.  Other Ranks or OR, all ranks other than commissioned officers.
5.  The enemy activity esp in wiring and reconnoitre indicates that the enemy unit facing the Battalion may have been relieved and replaced by a different unit.
6.  Forward - that element of the Battalion in the front lines.
7.  Including both forward and rear elements.


Died of Wounds (DOW) received in action, at 53rd Casualty Clearing Station (53 CCS)

15 Aug 1918

Rank Description Date Remarks



No.        7356
Rank.    Private
Unit.      3rd Battn.
My will is lodged with Mrs. Edith Harding, Kanwal, Via Wyong. N.S.W.

Verified by W. Simpson   Lieut.
               O.C. B Coy Battn.1
               C.O. (Unit)2
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Certified to be a true copy of the Cert. of Will of No. 7356
Pte. G. Harding, 3rd Battalion, lodged with the Officer in
Charge, Base Records, upon embarkation for Active Service

[Signed and checked by various officers]


1. O.C. - Officer Commanding a Company or sub-unit (generally Major below)
2. C.O. - Officer Commanding a Battalion-sized unit (Lieutenant Colonel or above)


Company Conduct Sheet shows no charges or notations of any sort.




Medical History Sheet shows vaccinations only, with no illness or injury notations of any sort.




Despatch Note from AIF Kit Store, Hammersmith London recording the consignment of one sealed parcel containing 1 Purse, 2 Coins, 2 Letters, Photos and Cards, the effects of 7356 Private G Harding, to his wife.

16 Sep 1918




My will is lodged with my wife :-
   Mrs. Edith Harding.      Kanual,[sic]       Via Wyong,
    New South Wales.

Signature. Gilbert Harding.
Rank and Unit. Private. No. 7356, 3rd Battalion, A.I.F.

Date. 26/8/17 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Certified to be a true copy of the Location of Will extracted from Pay book of No. 7356 Pte. HARDING, Gilbert 3rd., Btn., (Dec'd) Original forward to D.P.M. 2nd M.D1

[Signed and checked by various officers]

7 Oct 1918

1. Deputy Pay Master, 2nd Military District (NSW)


Letter from Public Trustee, Sydney to Officer in Charge, Base Records


Re No.7356 GILBERT HARDING, 3rd. Batn., decd

I shall be obliged if you will furnish me with -
1. Certificate in duplicate relating to the death of the abovenamed deceased soldier.
2. The address of the deceased prior to enlistment.
3. The name and address of the person nominated as his next of kin.

Yours obediently

1 Nov 1918



Cable to The Public Trustee, Sydney most likely from OC Base Records, providing the address of Pte Harding prior to enlistment and noting that the next of kin, his wife, Mrs. E. Harding resides at that address.

18 Nov 1918

Evidently this response did not reach the Public Trustee


Letter from Public Trustee, Sydney to Officer in Charge, Base Records


Re No.7356 GILBERT HARDING, 3rd. Batn., decd

I shall be obliged if you will furnish me with -
1. Certificate in duplicate relating to the death of the abovenamed deceased soldier.
2. The address of the deceased prior to enlistment.
3. The name and address of the person nominated as his next of kin.
Yours obediently

20 Dec 1918

An exact copy of the text in the 1 Nov 18 letter.

Rank Description Date Remarks


Cable from Officer Commanding Base Records to Public Trustee, Sydney

Confirming the death of 7356 Private Gilbert Harding from wounds received in action At the 53rd Casualty Clearing Station on 15th August 1918 and referencing Cable C.I.B.L. 2778 from Commandant, A.I.F. Headquarters, dated London, 21st August, 1918, confirmed by Mail from the Commandant A.I.F. Headquarters, dated London, 26th August, 1918.

3 Jan 1918



Letter from Edith Harding to Officer in Command, Base Records, Victoria Barracks, Melbourne

Dear Sir,

I have been waiting for some time now thinking I may get some news of my husband, from a mate, he was reported died of wounds on August 15th 1918 at the 53rd casualty clearing station [sic]. My husband had some little keepsakes for myself and family if they are with his personal belongings and kit I would very much love to have them, and with your help in time I hope I shall receive them. I am,

Yours Faithfully,

3 Feb 1919


Letter from Officer in Charge, Base Records to Mrs Edith Harding

Dear Madam,

I have to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 3rd instant, and to state no information other than that already communicated to you has been received at this office concerning the regretable death of your husband, the late No. 7356, Private G. Harding, 3rd Battalion, but it is anticipated that official confirmatory documents which should come to hand very shortly will contain fuller details and these will be promptly communicated to you.

No personal effects have been returned to this office to date, but any articles coming to hand will be trasmitted in accordance with the terms of his Will.

The late soldier made a statement to the effects he had executed a Will and lodged same with you. I shall be much obliged if you will forward same, or Probate, if taken out, to this office at your earliest convenience, so that the provisions set out therein may be noted for compliance when dealing with the deceased's affairs.

If Probate has been granted, the document will be passed to the Military Paymaster, Victoria Barracks, Sydney, N.S.W. for notification and transmission to you.

If Probate or Letters of Administration have not been taken out, and the Will is not required for this or any other purpose in connection with the distribution of the estate it will be passed to the Military Paymaster above referred to by whom it will be held as his authority for the payment of monies - should it be required by you for further action, it will be returned after notation.

Yours faithfully,

8 Feb 1919

The last sentence in this letter has a Gunning Fog Index (readability level) of 28.6, where 17 is said to be the level of readability achieved by a University graduate, while professional prose almost never exceeds 18.


Letter from Edith Harding to the Officer in Charge, Base Records with a [reference] number 85412 in the top left corner.

Dear Sir,

I have to acknowledge your letter of the 8th of February, and to state that owing to some delay in getting the death certificate of my husband, the late No. 7356, Private G. Hardding, 3rd Battalion, Probate has not yet been granted, and the Will and all other documents are at The Public Trust Office [sic] Culwalla Chambers, 67 Castlereigh Streeet, Sydney, N.S.W.. I am waiting now for word any day to say that things are fixed up. Trusting to hear of any other information.

Yours faithfully,

3 Mar 1919



Letter from Officer in Charge of Base Records to Public Trustee, Box No 7, G.P.O. SYDNEY, N.S.W.

Dear Sir,

As you are administering the estate of the late No.7356 Private G. Harding, 3rd Battalion, I am forward per separate post one packate D/S 42135 containing the late soldier's effects as per attached inventory, for favour of disbursement.

Kindly acknowledge receipt of same by signing and returning the attached receipt form.

Yours faithfully,

10 Mar 1919

See later entry which is the signed receipt.

Rank Description Date Remarks


Letter from Officer in Charge, Base Records, to Edith Harding

Dear Madam,

With reference to the regrettable loss of your husband, the late No. 7356 Privat G. Harding, 3rd Battalion, I am now in receipt of advice which shows that he was wounded in action in France on 14th August 1918, and admitted to 3rd Australian Field Ambulance, suffering from shell wound legs, arm and head. He was then transferred to 53rd Casualty Clearing Statin, France, where he died on 15th August, 1918, as the resut of his wounds. He was buried in Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, two and three-quarter miles west of Corbie, the same day, and Chaplain the Rev. F.B. Thurlow (attached 53rd Casualty Clearing Stations) officiated.

The utmost care and attention is being devoted, where possible, to the graves of our fallen soldiers. It is understood photgraphs are being taken as soon as practicable for transmission to next-of-kin.

These additional details are furnished, by direction, it being the policy of the Department to forward all information received in connection with deaths of members of the Australian Imperial Force.

Yours faithfully

16 May 1919



A misfiled coded telegram concerning the injuries and illnesses of a number of soldiers follows in the file. The name of Gilbert Harding is not among those mentioned.




An undated page from the Graves Registration Unit gives the location of the grave of Private Harding, among others.




An undated portion of Page 2 of a Legatee or Next-of-Kin Report in reference to a number of deceased soldiers, Gilbert Harding not being among them.




An undated cryptic handwritten note
"Usual Covering letter with [indecypherable] to The Public Trustee, Sydney, NSW"




Signed Consignment Note being a receipt to Officer in Charge, Base Records, Victoria Barracks, Melbourne from the Public Trustee, for one package, effects of Pte Harding despatched on "SARDINIA", D/S 42133.

14 Oct 1919



Letter from Mrs Edith Harding to Officer in Charge, Base Records, Victoria Barracks, Melbourne

Dear Sir,

I wish to thank you for the two Photographs of my late husband's grave, No, 7356 Private G. Harding 3rd Battalion. I am very pleased to have them.

Yours faithfully

10 Mar 1920

The file contains an undated slip "Extract from folder of photo of grave. Buried Daours Communal Cemetery Extension, 2&3/4frac; miles W of Corbie."


Letter from Wyong RSL to Officer In Charge, Medals Branch, Victoria Barracks

Dear Sir,

Are the Victory Medals available for men who embarked 1917. If so, kindly forward to Mrs G. Harding (Kanwal) via Wyong, wife of deceased soldier Pte G. Harding 7356, 3rd Batt.

Yours Faithfully,
Oliver A Pearce
Hon Sec
Wyong Sub Branch RSS&AILA1

[inserted]Mrs Edith Harding name and addresss


5 Jan 1922

1. Returned Soldiers, Sailors and Airman Imperial League of Australia [later to become the RSL]


Receipt for Memorial Scroll and King's Message signed by Edith Harding

8 Dec 1922



Receipt for Memorial Plaque signed by Edith Harding

24 Nov 1922

Rank Description Date Remarks


Receipt for Victory Medal signed by Edith Harding

16 Feb 1923



Letter from Officer Commanding Base Records Office, Melbourne to Mrs Harding

Dear Madam,

At the request of the Imperial War Graves Commission, I am forwarding herewith a Circular order form relative the purchase of the Register of the DAOURS COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, wherein the remains of your husband, the Late No. 7356 Private G. HARDING, 3rd Battalion, are interred.

For your further information it is desired to add that the site of the late soldier's final resting place is now officially registered as:-

Plot 4. Row B. Grave 33

Yours faithfully,

15 May 1924


Medals and Dress Embellishments Awarded

British War Medal 1914-1920 and Victory Medal, not entitled to 1914-15 Star as he enlisted after 1915.

Not entitled to wear the ANZAC 'A'.

One Wound Stripe for 14 Aug 1914.

One Long Service Stripe and two Overseas Service Chevrons.

Use the hyperlinks or scroll down to see further information on the badges.

Background - Infantry Battalions

[Based on information in Redcoats to Cams, Ian Kuring.]

In December 1914, battalions of about 1000 men were organised into eight companies each divided into half of 60 men and then into two sections of around 30 men. Command was highly centralised with companies commanded by a Captain, half-companies by Lieutentants and sections by a Sergeant.

In early 1915 Australia reduced the number of Companies to four, but doubled their size to more than 220 men. Each rifle company had a headquarters and four platoons. Each platoon had a headquarters and four rifle sections of 10 men commanded by corporals.

From early 1916 light machineguns replaced medium machine guns and were eventually issued to each rifle platoon.

During 1917 rifle platoons were reorganised to have a light machine gun section, a rifle grenade section, a hand grenade/bombing section and a rifle assault section.

By mid 1918, the number of officers had increased to 38 but the number of other ranks had declined to 900. At the same time, the firepower of the battalion was greatly augmented with hand and rifle grenades and Lewis Guns, of which there was 34 per battalion.

Rifle, Short Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III
Rifle, Small Magazine Lee-Enfield .303in, Mark III with sword bayonet

3rd Battalion, 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Division AIF

Information from Australian War Memorial


The 3rd Battalion was among the first infantry units raised for the AIF during the First World War. Like the 1st, 2nd and 4th Battalions it was recruited from New South Wales and, together with these battalions, formed the 1st Brigade.

The battalion was raised within a fortnight of the declaration of war in August 1914 and embarked just two months later. After a brief stop in Albany, Western Australia, the battalion proceeded to Egypt, arriving on 2 December. The battalion took part in the ANZAC landing on 25 April 1915 as part of the second and third waves and served there until the evacuation in December. In August, the battalion took part in the attack on Lone Pine. For his valorous action in defending Sasse's Sap at Lone Pine on 9 August, Private John Hamilton was awarded the Victoria Cross.

After the withdrawal from Gallipoli, the battalion returned to Egypt. In March 1916, it sailed for France and the Western Front. From then until 1918 the battalion took part in operations against the German Army, principally in the Somme Valley in France and around Ypres in Belgium. The battalion's first major action in France was at Pozieres in the Somme valley in July 1916. Later the battalion fought at Ypres, in Flanders, before returning to the Somme for winter.

The battalion participated in a short period of mobile operations following the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line in early 1917, but spent much of that year fighting in increasingly difficult conditions around Ypres. 3rd Battalion returned briefly to the Somme (Amiens) in April 1918, but returned north to Strazeele which was also under threat of being captured by the Germans. The 3rd Bn remained in this sector and took part in several operations in the area during June and July 1918. The battalion was then sent back to the Somme on 6 August and two days later took part in the Battle of Amiens, which German General Erich Ludendorff described as "the black day of the German Army in this war".

The battalion continued operations to late September 1918. At 11 am on 11 November 1918, the guns fell silent. The November armistice was followed by the peace treaty of Versailles signed on 28 June 1919.

Between November 1918 and May 1919 the men of the 3rd Battalion returned to Australia for demobilisation and discharge.

1914-15 Star

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
1914-15 Star

The decoration consists of a four-pointed star in bright bronze as shown, with the date 1914-15 on the central scroll. The reverse is plain, and is stamped with the name and unit of the recipient. The ribbon is red, white and blue, shaded and watered, worn with the red nearest the centre of the breast. It is atached to the medal through a ring.

It is similar in shape and description to the 1914 Star, to which few, if any, Australians were entitled. Those entitled were those who had already served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) in the operations to capture German New Guinea in 1914.

The decoration, sanctioned in 1918, was issued "to all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others eployed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined in Appendix 'A'. Individuals in possession of the 1914 Star will not be eligible for the award of this decoration."

Appendix 'A' included the Western, Eastern, Egyptian, African, Asiatic and Australasian Theatres of war, with commencement dates individual to countries and campaigns.

British War Medal 1914-20

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]
British War Medal

This medal was approved by King George V in 1919 to record the bringing of the war to a successful conclusion and the arduous services rendered by His Majesty's Forces.

The medal, which is supended from its ribbon by means of a straight clasp, without swivel, bears on the obverse the effigy of His Majesty - exactly similar to that on a half-crown - with the legend 'Georgivus V : Omn : Rex et Ind : Imp'.

The reverse bears a design which represents St George on horseback, trampling underfoot the eagle shield of the central powers and a skull and crossbones, the emblems of death. Overhead is the risen sun of victory. The male figure, rather than a symbolical female one, was chosen because man had borne the brunt of the fighting. The figure was mounted on horseback as symbolical of man's mind controlling force (represented by the horse) of far greater strength than his own. The design is thus also symbolical of the mechanical and scientific appliances which helped so largely to win the war.

The ribbon has a orange watered centre with stripes of white and black at each side and with borders of royal blue. It is stated that the colours have no particular signification.

Victory Medal

[Extract from Ribbons and Medals: Naval, Military, Air Force and Civil, Captain H. Taprell Dorling, DSO RN,
George Philip & Son, 33 Fleet Street, London EC4, 1940]

This medal, of bronze, bears on the obverse a winged figure of Victory, full length in the middle of the medal and full face; the borders and the backgound plain, without either incription or date. On the reverse is an inscription. "The Great War for Civilization." and either the names of the different Allied and Associated Powers, or their coats of arms.

The rim is plain, and the medal hangs from a ring. The ribbon is red in the centre, with green and violet on either side shaded to form the colours of two rainbows.

It has also been approved that any officer or man who has been "mentioned in despatches" shall wear a small bronze oak leaf on the ribbon of this medal. Only one oak leaf is so worn, no matter how many "mentions" the wearer may have received.

The medal is designed to obviate the exchange of Allied Commemorative war medals, and is issued only to those who actually served on the establishment of a unit or ship in a theatre of war. [This is an important distinction, as those Australians who served only in Australia, or only in Australia and England, were not entitled to the award.]

The Rising Sun Badge

This version of the Rising Sun Badge was worn by soldiers of the 1st and 2nd Australian Imperial Forces, and the badge has become an integral part of the Digger tradition.

Worn on the the upturned brim of the slouch hat, it is readily identified with the spirit of ANZAC.

There are a number of versions of the genesis of the badge, the most widely accepted being that it derived from a Trophy of Arms - various swords and bayonets mounted on  a semi-circular display in Victoria Barracks, Melbourne.

The original version worn in South Africa was modified in 1904 and worn by Australian soldiers through two World Wars.

Later changes were made to the style of the crown and the wording on the scroll. The "King's Crown" is the one shown to the left, while arches of the "Queen's Crown" rise at the same angle as the base of the crown, curve at their highest point to a level mid-way on the orb below the cross and then down to below the orb.

In 1949 the scroll was changed to read "Australian Military Forces".

In 1969 the badge was modified to incorporate the 7-pointed Federation Star with a central Queen's crown over the Torse Wreath (a twisted roll of fabric) from the original 1902 version, and the scroll wording changed to "Australia".

In the 75th anniversary year of the the ANZAC landings at Gallipoli, there was a drive to return to traditional accoutrements worn by Australian soldiers during the World Wars, which clearly identify the Australian Army. The Queen's crown returned to its central position and the scroll now reads "The Australian Army'.



The brass letter 'A' to represent service related to Gallipoli (ANZAC) was authorised to be worn 'over unit colour patches on both sleeves of the service dress jacket and greatcoat" by Military Order 354 of 18 Aug 17 and AIF Order 937 of 6 Nov 17, as amended in terms of qualification by Military Order 20 of 19 Jan 18 and by AIF Order 1084 of 25 Jan 18.

The size of the letter 'A', introduced as one inch in height (AIF Order 994 of 30 Nov 17), was reduced to three-quarters of an inch by AIF Order 1012 of 11 Dec 17. Provision for wearing the brass letter 'A' was also included in General Routine Order 0.815 of 17 Dec 43 and GRO 310 of 7 Dec 45.

Wound Stripe

Army Order No.204 Headquarters, 1st A.N.Z.A.C., 9th August, 1916. (slightly amended for layout)

Wound Stripes

The following distinction in dress will be worn on the service dress jacket by all officers and soldiers who have been wounded in any of the campaigns since 4th August 1914 :

    Stripes of gold Russia braid No.1, two inches [2.5cm] in length sewn perpendicularly on the left forearm sleeve of the jacket to mark each occasion on which wounded.

    In the case of officers, the lower end of the first strip of gold braid will be immediately above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

    Warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men will wear the gold braid on the left forearm sleeve, the lower edge of the braid to be three inches from the bottom of the sleeve.

    Subsequent occasions on which wounded, will be placed on either side of the original one at half inch interval.

    Gold braid and sews will be obtained free on indent from the Army Ordnance Department; the sewing on will be carried out regimentally without expense to the public.

Long Service Badges

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]
Long Service Badges
A.I.F. ORDER No.470, 24 January 1917 (slightly amended for layout)

The question of the issue of a badge to members of the AIF who have completed a certain period of service has received consideration, and approval has been given for the issue of a badge for long service combined with good conduct, subject to the following conditions.

    The badge will consist of an inverted single chevron of service braid to be worn on the left forearm - the point of the chevron to be 3 inches [7.6cm] above the edge of the cuff.

    Warrant and non-commissioned officers and men, will be eligible for the badge, which will not carry an increased pay or allowance.

    One chevron will be worn for each complete year's service in the Australian Imperial Force from the date of embarkation in Australia.

    No badge will be issued to any man who, during the 12 months, has incurred a regimental entry (i.e. an entry involving forfeiture of pay) in his sheet.

    Time absent from the unit in hospital or elsewhere on account of wounds or sickness, not the result of misconduct, will count as service towards earning the badge.

    A man in possession of a badge will forfeit same on being convicted of any offence involving a forfeiture of pay , but will be eligible to regain the badge after 6 months good conduct, from the date of forfeiture.

    The illegal wearing of this badge will be a crime under A.A. Section 40.

Overseas Service Chevrons

[Image from http://www.diggerhistory.info]

Overseas Service Chevrons

Australian Imperial Force Order No.1053, January 1918 (Slightly amended for layout)

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of chevrons to denote service overseas since the 4th August 1914.

    Chevrons of two colours have been approved.

      The first chevron if earned on or before 31st December 1914, will be red.

      If earned on or after 1st January 1915, it will be blue.

      All additional chevrons after the first will be blue.

    The chevrons will be worsted embroidery, 1/4 inch [0.63cm] in width, the arms 4 inches [10.2cm] long. They will be worn inverted on the right forearm:

    In the case of officers, the apex of the lowest chevron will be 1 inch [2.5cm] above the upper point of the flap on the cuff.

    In the case of warrant-officers, non-commissioned officers and men, the apex of the lowest chevron will be midway between the seams and four inches [10.2cm] above the bottom edge of the sleeve.

    The red chevron will be worn below the blue one. They will not be worn on greatcoats.

    In the case of Australians, the first chevron was earned the date the individual left Australia. Additional chevrons were awarded for each successive aggregate period of 12 months service outside Australia.

Some Government Issued Badges

Nearest Female
Relative Badge

War Widows
Guild Brooch

Silver War Badge

Discharged Returned
Soldier Badge

Government issued badge in enamel and sterling silver issued to the wife, mother or nearest female relative of a serving soldier. Additional bars were suspended below for further individuals.

Membership badge of a Kookaburra in sterling silver, issued by the Government to the widows of men who lost their lives due to their service. Numbered on the reverse.

Awarded to service personnel who sustained a wound, or contracted sickness of disability in the course of the war as a result of which they were invalided out, or to soldiers who had retired during the course of the war.

First issued in 1916. Slight variations are indicative of a number of makers. 267,300 were issued. Numbered on the reverse but the numbers have no link with length of service or Service Number.

[Badge information collated from Australian War Memorial, "Australians Awarded" by Clive Johnson and en.wikipedia.com]